Tuesday, June 29, 2010

The Solemnity of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul 2010

On the day of 29 June
The solemnity of the holy Apostles Peter and Paul. Simon, son of Jona and brother of Andrew, first among the disciples, professed Jesus to be the Christ, the Son of the living God, by Whom he was named Peter. Paul, the Apostle of the Gentiles, preached Christ crucified to Jews and Greeks. With faith and love both proclaimed the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the city of Rome and died as martyrs under the emperor Nero: the first, according to tradition, affixed to a cross upside down and buried at the Vatican near the Via Triumphalis, the second suffered death by the sword and was interred on the Ostian Way; on this day the whole world celebrates their triumph with equal honor and veneration.
Source: USCCB website

Holy, Glorious, and All-Praised Leaders of the Apostles, Sts. Peter and Paul, pray for us poor sinners, now and at the hour of our death! Amen.

Friday, June 18, 2010

Pope St. Anicetus of Rome

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The 10th successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was Pope St. Anicetus of Rome, son of John{1} and a native of Emesa in Syria,{2} who reigned from 155{3} until his death from natural causes{4} on April 20, 166.{5} Bishop St. Polycarp the Martyr of Smyrna (February 23) visited St. Anicetus soon after he became pope, and they agreed to disagree regarding the day to celebrate Easter.{6} St. Anicetus had St. Polycarp celebrate Mass.{7} The holy pontiff, who kept in touch with the anti-Gnostic Church Fathers Sts. Hegesippus (April 7) and Justin Martyr (June 1),{8} constructed a memorial shrine for St. Peter on Vatican Hill.{9} St. Anicetus, whose feast day is April 20,{10} was first buried next to St. Peter in the Vatican, after which his holy relics were transferred to the Cemetery of St. Callistus.{11} In 1604, the holy{12} Pope Clement VIII of Rome (1/30/1592-3/3/1605) permitted the exhumation of his holy relics.{13} Duke Giovanni Angelo of Altemps put the body in an ornate chapel in his palace,{14} and Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria received the holy head of St. Anicetus.{15} One of the pope's relics is in the Church of St. Vulfran in Abbeville, France.{16}

O righteous pontiff St. Anicetus, you shepherded the Catholic faithful wisely and peacefully. Pray that all those who are outside of the Catholic Church will promptly enter into her and find salvation in her, the only saving ark. Amen. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner. Amen.
Notes & References
{1} According to the Liber Pontificalis. Kelly, J.N.D. "Anicetus, St." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, with new material by Michael Walsh. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Fordham University. 18 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e11>.
{2} According to the Liber Pontificalis. Martin, Jean-Pierre. "ANICETUS." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 18 Jun. 2010 <http://www.routledgereligiononline.com:80/Book.aspx?id=w064_w064b49>.
{3} Weltin, E. G. "Anicetus, St. Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 1, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 455. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 18 Jun. 2010.
{4} There is no historical basis for the legend that Pope St. Anicetus was martyred under Lucius Verus (r. 3/8/161-169) and Marcus Aurelius (r. 3/8/161-3/17/180). Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 120.
{5} The year 166 is from Kelly, loc. cit.
{6} According to Eusebius of Caesarea. Ibid.
{7} Ibid.
{8} Ibid.
{9} Ibid.
{10} 2004 Roman Martyrology for April 20.
{11} Bollandists 4:454.
{12} Barbiche, Bernard. "CLEMENT VIII." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 18 Jun. 2010 <http://www.routledgereligiononline.com:80/Book.aspx?id=w064_w064b204>.
{13} Bollandists 4:454.
{14} Ibid.
{15} Ibid.
{16} Ibid.

Thursday, June 17, 2010

June 2010 Prayer Requests

For an End to the Holocaust of Abortion
1. That by the prayers of the Blessed Ever-Virgin Mary Mother of God (January 1), St. Joseph her most chaste spouse (March 19), Sts. Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael the Archangels (September 29), the glorious Apostles and martyrs Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29), St. Catherine of Sweden (March 24), and St. Gianna Beretta Molla of Italy (April 28), the holocaust of abortion will promptly come to an end and all will recognize the sanctity of human life.
For a Cure to the Pandemic of Sexual Immorality
2. That by the prayers of the Blessed Ever-Virgin Mary Mother of God (January 1), St. Joseph her most chaste spouse (March 19), Sts. Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael the Archangels (September 29), Joachim and Anne (July 26), the glorious Apostles and martyrs Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29), Mary Magdalen (July 22), Agnes the child Virgin-Martyr of Rome (January 21), Maria Goretti the child Virgin-Martyr of Italy (July 6), Mary of Egypt (April 1), Thomas Aquinas the Angelic Doctor (January 28), Thomais the Virgin-Martyr of Alexandria (April 14), Dymphna the Virgin-Martyr (May 15), and Catherine of Siena (April 29), God will eradicate from America and the world the evils of homosexuality, sodomy, bestiality, rape, adultery, fornication, contraception, masturbation, pornography, and all other forms of sexual perversion.

For the Conversion of the Orthodox Christians to Catholicism
3. That the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary will soon triumph over the hardness of hearts of those members of the Greco-Slav churches separated from the Catholic fold, so that they will promptly enter the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church, outside of which there is no salvation. May the prayers of Our Lady of Fatima (May 13), St. Joseph her most chaste spouse (March 19), Sts. Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael the Archangels (September 29), the glorious Apostles and martyrs Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29), the martyr St. Josaphat Kuntsevych (November 12), the great-martyr St. Andrew Bobola (May 16), St. Leopold Mandić (May 12), St. Sergius of Radonezh (September 25), St. Theodosius of the Kiev Far Caves (May 3), St. Anthony of the Kiev Far Caves (May 7), the holy passion-bearers Sts. Boris and Gleb (July 24), and St. Alexander Nevsky (November 23) obtain the speedy conversion of the Russian land to the Catholic faith.
For Help Passing My Ocean Lifeguard Test
4. That by the prayers of Our Lady, Star of the Sea, St. Joseph her most chaste spouse (March 19), Sts. Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael the Archangels (September 29), Joachim and Anne (July 26), the glorious Apostles and martyrs Sts. Peter and Paul (June 29), Sts. Nicholas the Wonderworker of Myra (December 6), Christopher the Martyr of Lycia (July 25), Adjutor of Vernon (April 30) Sebastian the Martyr of Rome (January 20), Florian the Great-Martyr of Lorch (May 4), Nicholas of Tolentino (September 10), Pope Clement I of Rome (November 23), Hyacinth of Cracow (August 15), Radegund (August 13), Romanus of Condat (February 28), Pope Alexander I of Rome, Girolamo Savonarola the Hieromartyr of Florence, I will pass the ocean lifeguard test and work as an ocean lifeguard for the town this summer.
Status: Answered! Blessed be God in His angels and saints! May God, through the intercession of His chosen ones, grant me the grace to be vigilant and save lives! Amen.

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

June 2010 Upcoming Posts

May God give me the strength to complete these posts by the end of June:
  1. Prayer Requests
  2. The Month of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
  3. Retraction of My Unjust and Misguided Condemnation of Fr. Girolamo Savonarola, O.P. (9/21/1452-5/23/1498)
  4. Formation Process of the Dominican Province of St. Joseph
  5. In Praise of Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. (8/24/1918-12/12/2008)
  6. The Humor of the Saints
  7. The Oil Leakage Crisis in the Gulf of Mexico
  8. Goals for this Summer
  9. Goals for the Rest of this Year
  10. How to Do CPR
  11. The Church Fathers on Acts 2:36
  12. St. Thomas Aquinas & the Immaculate Conception
  13. Latest Thoughts on the Catholic Cult of St. Gregory Palamas (1296-11/14/1359)
  14. The Joy of Swimming
  15. Theologian Watchlist
  16. Recommended Catholic Books
  17. Corrections and Retractions
  18. On the Legitimacy of Several Medieval Popes
  19. 2. Pope St. Linus of Rome (64-9/23/76)
  20. 8. Pope St. Telesphorus the Martyr of Rome (9/30/125-1/2/136) - expected by the end of Tuesday, 6/29/2010
  21. 11. Pope St. Anicetus of Rome (155-166)
  22. 30. Pope St. Marcellus I the Martyr of Rome (306-1/16/309)
  23. [55]. Antipope Dioscorus of Rome (9/22/530-10/14/530)
  24. 110. Pope Stephen VI of Rome (5/22/896-8/897)
  25. 115. Pope Theodore II of Rome (†11/897) - expected by the end of Tuesday, 6/29/2010
  26. 118. Pope Leo V of Rome (8/903-9/903)
  27. [119]. Antipope Christopher of Rome (9/903-1/904)
  28. 123. Pope Leo VI of Rome (6/928-2/929)
  29. 132. Pope Benedict V of Rome (5/22/964-7/4/965) - expected by the end of Tuesday, 6/29/2010
  30. 140. Pope John XVII of Rome (5/16/1003-11/6/1003) - expected by the end of Tuesday, 6/29/2010

Are You Surprised?

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Are you surprised?

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill gusher pours 1.5 million to 2.5 million gallons of crude oil every day [CNN 6/15/2010]. May God promptly bring the souls of those killed in the drilling rig explosion to everlasting life. Amen.

Every punishment is for a sin [Summa Theologica II-I, q. 87, art. 7]. Should this nation not suffer some kind of disaster for being faithless like the Israelites of old?
And though the LORD warned Israel and Judah by every prophet and seer, "Give up your evil ways and keep My commandments and statutes, in accordance with the entire law which I enjoined on your fathers and which I sent you by My servants the prophets," they did not listen, but were as stiff-necked as their fathers, who had not believed in the LORD, their God. [2 Kings 17:13-14]
The CDC received reports of 846,181 abortions in 2006 [CDC 2006], the most recent year in the Abortion Surveillance Report. America elected a radically anti-life president in 2008 [On the Issues 6/16/2010].

Every year there are well over 1 million violent crimes reported in America (murders, rapes, robberies, etc.). 1,382,012 violent crimes were reported in America in 2008 [FBI 9/2009]

Homosexual couples can "marry" in five states [AHN 1/12/2010], and obtain "civil unions" in 11 states.

Prostitution generates $14.6 billion every year in America [Havocscope].

Blasphemies cry out to Heaven throughout the various media, whether it be pop music on the radio or articles in newspapers. There is no shortage of contempt for the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill gusher pours 1.5 million to 2.5 million gallons of crude oil every day [CNN 6/15/2010].

Are you surprised?

Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, have mercy on all us poor sinners. Resurrect this nation, dead in sin. Forgive us of our crimes against you and bring us all into life everlasting. Amen.

Pope Leo VI of Rome

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The 122nd successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was the upper-class{1} Roman-born{2} Pope Leo VI of Rome, son of Christopher, who was "primicerius under John VIII."{3} After the unjustly deposed and imprisoned Pope John X, a holy pontiff,{4} died of grief{5} in Castello Sant'Angelo in Rome{6} in June 928,{7} the Romans, probably under the influence of Marozia,{8} elected the aged{9} Leo, who was cardinal priest in the church of St. Susanna.{10} Leo VI governed the universal Church without tyranny{11} for seven months and five days,{12} from June 928 to January 929,{13} when he reposed peacefully in the Lord.{14} As pope, he ordered Bishops Formine of Zara, Gregory of Nona, and other Dalmatian and Croatian bishops to obey Archbishop John of Spalato, "to whom he had" given "the pallium."{15} He ordered the bishops of Arba, Lošinj, and Ragusa (Dubrovnik) to accept the territorial limits "of their respective dioceses," and commanded them to let the Croatian bishop Gregory govern the see of Skradin.{16} The grave of Pope Leo VI "in the pavement of the portico of the Vatican basilica ... was destroyed during the demolition of the old basilica and the construction of the new one in the 16th and 17th centuries."{17}

O just shepherd Pope Leo VI, pray for all us poor sinners and pray especially for the Holy Father and his successors, that they may govern the Church wisely and ably like you did. Amen. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner. Amen.
Notes & References
{1} Kelly, J.N.D. "Leo VI." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, with new material by Michael Walsh. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Fordham University. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e138>.
{2} Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages, vol. IV. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1910. <http://www.archive.org/details/livesofpopesinea04mannuoft>. p. 188.
{3} Ibid.
{4} Ibid., pp. 186-187.
{5} According to Frodoard of Rheims. Ibid., p. 163. I will elaborate on this in my future post on Pope John X of Rome (3/914-6/928).
{6} Kelly, "John X." Op. cit. Oxford Reference Online. Fordham University. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e137>
{7} a. Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope John X." The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08425b.htm>.
b. Brusher, Fr. Joseph, S.J. "Leo VI." Popes Through the Ages. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/POPEp124.htm#T1>.
{8} Mann IV:188.
{9} Kelly, "Leo VI."
{10} Ibid.
{11} According to Ptolemy of Lucca (†1327); qtd. in Mann IV:188.
{12} Jaffé, Philippe. "Leo VI." Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia: ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. 1. Brussels, 1855. <http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/04z/z_1851-1851__Jaffe_P__Regesta_Pontificum_Romanorum_Vol_1__LT.pdf.html> p. 313.
{13} According to Annuario Pontificio 2009, p. 12, qtd. in Miranda, Salvador. "Leone (?-928/929)." 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/biosunknowndate914-928.htm#Leone>.
{14} According to Ptolemy of Lucca; qtd. in Mann IV:188.
{15} Miranda, loc. cit.
{16} Ibid.
{17} Ibid.

Pope Leo V of Rome

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The 117th successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was Pope Leo V of Rome, who had been a parish priest in his native Priapi in the district of Ardea.{1} Pope Stephen VI (5/22/896-8/897) had made him a cardinal priest in 897.{2} The holy{3} pro-Formosan{4} Leo V was pope for 30 days, from August 903 until September 903,{5} when cardinal priest Christopher overthrew and imprisoned him and became antipope.{6} During his pontificate, Leo V promulgated a bull that exempted the canons of Bologna from paying taxes,{7} and maybe confirmed the privileges of the monastery of Reichenau,{8} and he might have confirmed archbishop Andrea da Carcano of Milan in his see.{9} After he died in prison{10} in September 903,{11} the unjustly deposed Pope Leo V was interred in the Lateran basilica.{12}
Notes & References
{1} Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages, vol. IV. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1910. <http://www.archive.org/details/livesofpopesinea04mannuoft>. p. 111.
{2} "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. es cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles." Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926, p. 155, no. 1. Qtd. in Miranda, Salvador. "Leone." The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios898.htm#Leone>. The French source says 898, but this is a typo.
{3} Auxilius says that "he was a man of God and of praiseworthy life and holiness." Qtd. in Mann IV:112.
{4} Herbers, Klaus. "LEO V." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.routledgereligiononline.com:80/Book.aspx?id=w064_w064b489>.
{5} Jaffé, Philippe. "Leo V." Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia: ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. 1. Brussels, 1855. <http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/04z/z_1851-1851__Jaffe_P__Regesta_Pontificum_Romanorum_Vol_1__LT.pdf.html> p. 306.
{6} Savage, P. M. "Christopher, Antipope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 562. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 16 Jun. 2010.
{7} Mann IV:112.
{8} Herbers, loc. cit.
{9} Ibid.
{10} Mann IV:116. On the page before, Rev. Fr. Mann refutes the calumny of Vulgarius that the much-maligned Pope Sergius III (904-911) had Pope Leo V and Antipope Christopher strangled in prison. Yet J.N.D. Kelly, Wendy Reardon, and the learned Salvador Miranda (as of 6/16/2010) accept this false charge as true.
{11} Blum, O. J. "Leo V, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 8, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 483. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 16 Jun. 2010.
{12} Miranda, loc. cit.

Monday, June 14, 2010

Antipope Christopher of Rome

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The Roman-born{1} Christopher, son of Leo,{2} was made "cardinal priest of the titular church of San Lorenzo in Damaso"{3} in 900.{4} In September 903,{5} maybe because he was more pro-Formosan than Leo V or maybe because Leo V was foreign whereas he was "deep[ly] root[ed] within the Roman clergy,"{6} Christopher overthrew and imprisoned Pope Leo V, who had been pope for a month.{7} The holy{8} Leo V soon died in jail.{9} Christopher reigned as antipope from September 903 until January 904,{10} when the true successor of Leo V, Pope Sergius III, "with the help of Duke Alberic I of Spoleto" (†925),{11} had him deposed, jailed, and clothed in a monk's habit.{12} As antipope, Christopher had issued a 12/26/903 bull called "Cum Romanae" that confirmed the privileges that Popes Benedict III (9/29/855-4/17/858) and St. Nicholas I the Great (4/24/858-11/13/867) gave to the abbey of Corbie.{13} Pope St. Leo IX (2/12/1049-4/19/1054) cited this bull when he confirmed "the same privileges."{14} Christopher probably "died repentant in a monastery"{15} in early 904.{16} He was buried at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome,{17} and before his tomb was destroyed during demolition and construction in the 16th or 17th century,{18} his epitaph read, "Here repose the pious members of Christopher."{19} Antipope Christopher's portrait can be found in St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome and "the walls of the ancient church of San Pier-in-Grado, outside Pisa."{20}
Notes & References
{1} Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages, vol. IV. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1910. <http://www.archive.org/details/livesofpopesinea04mannuoft>. p. 112.
{2} Ibid.
{3} Herbers, Klaus. "[CHRISTOPHER]." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st. ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 14 Jun. 2010 <http://www.routledgereligiononline.com:80/Book.aspx?id=w064_w064b188>.
{4} Miranda, Salvador. "Cristoforo." The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 14 Jun. 2010 <http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios900.htm#Cristoforo>.
{5} Herbers, loc. cit.
{6} Ibid.
{7} Savage, P. M. "Christopher, Antipope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 562. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 14 Jun. 2010.
{8} According to Auxilius. Mann IV:112.
{9} Mann, "Pope Christopher." The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 14 Jun. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03729a.htm>.
{10} Savage, loc. cit.
{11} Ibid.
{12} Mann IV:115.
{13} Miranda, loc. cit.
{14} Savage, loc. cit.
{15} Mann IV:116. Cf. Gian Domenico Mansi qtd. in PL 131:45. Herimannus Augiensis says that Christopher died a monk. Savage, loc. cit.
{16} Savage, loc. cit. I accept Savage's assignation of the date of Christopher's repose, but not his attribution of it to execution by Pope Sergius III. As part of this project on chronicling the lives of the popes and antipopes, I synthesize the conflicting data according to the instruction of St. Paul the Apostle [1 Thess 5:21]: "Test everything; retain what is good." May the Lord make good use of me, a poor sinner, to spread the truth about the history of the Church and her princes, and those who usurped the throne of her princes. Amen.
{17} Herbers, loc. cit.
{18} Miranda, loc. cit.
{19} According to 12th-century historian Peter Mallius. Mann IV:115.
{20} Mann, "Pope Christopher."

Friday, June 11, 2010

On the Legitimacy of Several Medieval Popes

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John XII, Leo VIII, & Benedict V
1. Leo VIII (12/6/963-3/1/965) was rivals with John XII (12/16/955-5/14/964) and Benedict V (5/22/964-7/4/965); John XII was certainly not validly deposed,{1} and Benedict V was most likely forcibly "degraded"{2}; for sundry reasons, I cannot rationally sustain the thesis that Leo VIII was ever true pope.{3}
John X, Leo VI, & Stephen VII
2. We need not question the legitimacy of Leo VI and Stephen VII, because John X died in 6/928, according to Kirsch, McKenna, and Fr. Brusher, which means that John X died before Leo VI and afterward Stephen VII sat on the Chair of St. Peter. Leo VI ruled from 6/928 to early 929, according to Fr. Mann, Fr. Brusher, Zimmermann, and Jaffé [I:312-313]. Stephen VII (1/929-2/931) was the successor of Leo VI.
Benedict IX, Gregory VI, Sylvester III, Clement II, & Damasus II
3. It seems that the infamous Benedict IX did not have three terms as pope. Sylvester III (1/20/1045-3/10/1045; †1063) was an intruder, because he usurped the throne of Benedict IX. Dr. Warren Carroll says, "there is no power on earth which may depose a Pope. Any duly elected Pope remains therefore in office until he dies or resigns."{4} Benedict remained true pope from 10/21/1032 until his abdication on 5/1/1045. At that point John Gratian gave him a pension to support his post-abdication livelihood, and Gratian reluctantly accepted election as Gregory VI; he abdicated to avoid the scandal of outward appearance of simony on 12/20/1046.{5} Since Benedict IX was not re-elected to the papacy after he abdicated,{6} he was antipope from 11/8/1047 to 7/16/1048 and any later time he claimed to be supreme pontiff. Therefore Clement II (12/25-1046-10/9/1047) and Damasus II (7/17/1048-8/9/1048), and all post-1045 popes who reigned while the ex-pontiff was alive, were certainly legitimate popes.
4. I pray that the next Annuario Pontificio will clear up the various medieval parties' irreconcilable claims to the papal throne, namely, (1) Leo VIII vs. Benedict V; and (2) Sylvester III vs. Benedict IX.
Notes & References
{1} Huysman, Will R. "Antipope Leo VIII?" The Banana Republican. 9 Dec. 2009. 11 Jun. 2010 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2009/12/antipope-leo-viii.html>.
{2} Ibid.
{3} Ibid.
{4} Carroll, Dr. Warren H. "Anti-Popes." Eternal World Television Network. 11 Jun. 2010 <http://www.ewtn.com/library/HOMELIBR/ANTIPOPE.TXT>. Cf. Huysman, Will R. "Can a Legitimate Pope Be Deposed?" The Banana Republican.
{5} Huysman, Will R. "Gregory VI Was True Pope." The Banana Republican. 29 Nov. 2009. 11 Jun. 2010 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2009/11/gregory-vi-was-true-pope.html>. More details about the pension from a reliable Catholic source are coming soon.
{6} "Benedict IX." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, with new material by Michael Walsh. J. N. D. Kelly. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Fordham University. 11 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e163>. While I disagree with certain statements in Kelly's entry (e.g., the accusations of simony against the pious Gregory VI), I accept his statement that "the restoration of Benedict [occurred] on a wave of popular enthusiasm assisted by bribery, on 8 Nov. 1047; the evidence sometimes adduced for a fresh election by the Roman clergy and people cannot hold water." Fr. Mann describes Benedict as having "seized Rome," which implies that Benedict IX was not re-elected. See Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. "Pope Benedict IX." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 11 Jun. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02429a.htm>.

Wednesday, June 09, 2010

Corrections and Retractions

Dear readers, here are some important notifications on corrections and retractions pertaining to my pre-baptismal writings.

On Immoral Music
I apologize for my immoral post about my favorite songs. These songs, at least one of which contained blasphemous lyrics, were pleasing to the ears but are destructive to the soul. What good am I if I lead my readers to sin? "Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea" [Mt 18:6]. What good is music if it does not glorify the Lord our God? I thank my friends and family for giving me the gift of Christian music to listen to.

On the Sanctity of Girolamo Savonarola
Now I venerate Girolamo Savonarola as a martyr, and I thank the zealous Dominican hieromonk for his gracious help in my daily life. Not a few popes acknowledged him as a saint, and the in-progress hyperlinked post mentions 12 non-papal saints who were devoted to Savonarola as wayfarers.
On the Theology of Ronald L. Conte, Jr.
1. There are several key areas in which I have long disagreed with Conte, and some of his recently expressed attitudes regarding speculative theology are a source of grave concern to me.

2. Two years in a row he has falsely predicted that the "miracle of Garabandal" called "the Warning" will occur on Good Friday of such and such a year, and he continues to make excuses as to why it did not occur this year but will occur the next year.

3. I strongly disagree with his endorsement of the so-called Marian apparitions at Medjugorje. Vicka Ivanković's statement that the Blessed Mother is not calling all people to be Catholic is enough to disqualify the alleged apparitions as genuine (her statment is qtd. in Janice T. Connell, The Visions of the Children: The Apparitions of the Blessed Mother at Medjugorje, Revised and Updated Edition, (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007), 133. <https://books.google.com/books?id=KUIGAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA133#v=onepage&q&f=false>

4. I also reject his statements that the Blessed Virgin Mary was not conceived as the result of sexual relations between Sts. Joachim and Anne (July 26); in my repudiation of this over a year ago, however, I failed to distinguish between the active and passive conception of Our Lady.

5. I'm not a cleric or canon lawyer, I need to point out that Conte's claim that Christ will judge all men at His "Third Coming" (rather than the Second Coming), if obstinately insisted on, must be considered heresy (CIC 751) which incurs latae sententiae excommunication (CIC 1364 §1), because the dogma of the Church is that Christ will judge everyone at His Second Coming (see Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma by Dr. Ludwig Ott).

On the Sanctity of St. Gregory Palamas
I no longer wish to inquire or stir up debate and discussion about the reasons for the Church's declaration on the sanctity of St. Gregory Palamas (Second Sunday of Great Lent). Thanks be to God Who initiated me into the Church this Easter Vigil, my present attitude is one of simple faith and pious submission. Does not the formal institution of the feast of St. Gregory Palamas in several Eastern Catholic Churches by the Holy See in 1971 pertain to the second added paragraph of the Profession of Faith? The Magisterium knows best, and its (at least) equivalent canonization (I don't know all the details, since I haven't found the information in AAS) means that before he reposed, St. Gregory Palamas must have repented of any anti-Catholic beliefs he previously expressed, in light of the dogma of extra ecclesiam nulla salus est.
Errors Pointed out by Good Readers
I still have to respond to several corrections pointed out by good and faithful readers; forgive me, brothers and sisters, for my delayed action.

1. On Pope St. Alexander I of Rome (106-115), who has helped me get through tough workouts in lifeguarding class: The reader Basil pointed out to me that the holy pontiff no longer is commemorated with a feast on May 3, but he is still commemorated in the Roman Canon of the Mass. Thank you and God bless you, Basil!

Revised 11/25/2016

Sunday, June 06, 2010

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ, Anno Domini 2010
Reading 1
Gn 14:18-20
In those days, Melchizedek, king of Salem, brought out bread and wine, and being a priest of God Most High, he blessed Abram with these words: "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, the Creator of Heaven and earth; and blessed be God Most High, Who delivered your foes into your hand."

Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Ps 110:1, 2, 3, 4
Responsorial Psalm

R. (4b) You are a priest for ever, in the line of Melchizedek.

The LORD said to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand till I make Your enemies Your footstool."

R. You are a priest for ever, in the line of Melchizedek.

The scepter of Your power the LORD will stretch forth from Zion: "Rule in the midst of Your enemies."

R. You are a priest for ever, in the line of Melchizedek.

"Yours is princely power in the day of Your birth, in holy splendor; before the daystar, like the dew, I have begotten You."

R. You are a priest for ever, in the line of Melchizedek.

The LORD has sworn, and He will not repent: "You are a priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek."

R. You are a priest for ever, in the line of Melchizedek.

1 Cor 11:23-26
Reading 2
Brothers and sisters: I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night He was handed over, took bread, and, after He had given thanks, broke it and said, "This is My Body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of Me."

In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My Blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."

For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord until He comes.

Lk 9:11b-17
Gospel

Jesus spoke to the crowds about the Kingdom of God, and He healed those who needed to be cured. As the day was drawing to a close, the Twelve approached Him and said, "Dismiss the crowd so that they can go to the surrounding villages and farms and find lodging and provisions; for we are in a deserted place here."

He said to them, "Give them some food yourselves."

They replied, "Five loaves and two fish are all we have, unless we ourselves go and buy food for all these people."

Now the men there numbered about five thousand. Then He said to His disciples, "Have them sit down in groups of about fifty."

They did so and made them all sit down. Then taking the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to Heaven, He said the blessing over them, broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the crowd. They all ate and were satisfied. And when the leftover fragments were picked up, they filled twelve wicker baskets.

Thursday, June 03, 2010

Holy Passion-Bearer Luigi Padovese, O.F.M. Cap., Pray for us!

Someone fatally stabbed Luigi Padovese, O.F.M. Cap., the Titular Bishop of Monteverde and the Vicar Apostolic of Anatolia. Holy Luigi, a new member of the Church Triumphant, pray for us and pray for the forgiveness and salvation of he who stabbed you to death. Amen.

See http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/37487272/ns/world_news-mideastn_africa/ for more details.