Saturday, May 29, 2010

Authority of Magisterial Pronouncements

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

This post is a work in progress but I hope it helps you better understand the authority of different pronouncements of the Magisterium of "the Church of God which He has purchased with His own Blood" [Acts 20:28].

1. Extraordinary Magisterium & Ordinary and Universal Magisterium (Divinely Revealed Dogmas)
Persons teaching: "the Supreme Pontiff" alone or "the bishops gathered together in an ecumenical council ... together with the Roman Pontiff" (CIC 749 §1-2)
Subject Matter: "all those things contained in the word of God, written or handed on, that is, in the one deposit of faith entrusted to the Church, and at the same time proposed as divinely revealed" (CIC 750 §1); the Apostles' Creed, the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, and the first added paragraph of the Profession of Faith
Infallible?: Yes
Type of assent required: to be "believe[d] with divine and Catholic faith" (CIC 750 §1); DS 3011
Consequences of dissent: Automatic (Latae sententiae) excommunication (CIC 1364 §1) for heresy, which is "the obstinate denial or obstinate doubt after the reception of baptism of some truth which is to be believed by divine and Catholic faith" (CIC 751)
Examples:
1. In the Name of the Holy Trinity, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, with the approbation of this holy general Council of Florence we define that this truth of faith be believed and accepted by all Christians, and that all likewise profess that the Holy Spirit is eternally from the Father and the Son and has His essence and His subsistent being both from the Father and the Son, and proceeds from both eternally as from one principle and one spiration; we declare that what the holy Doctors and Fathers say, namely, that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father through the Son, tends to this meaning, that by this it is signified that the Son also is the cause, according to the Greeks, and according to the Latins, the principle of the subsistence of the Holy Spirit, as is the Father also. And since all that the Father has, the Father Himself, in begetting, has given to His only begotten Son, with the exception of Fatherhood, the very fact that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son, the Son Himself has from the Father eternally, by Whom He was begotten also eternally. We define in addition that the explanation of words "Filioque" for the sake of declaring the truth and also because imminent necessity has been lawfully and reasonably added to the Creed. -- Pope Eugene IV, Bull "Laetentur coeli" (7/6/1439) [DS 691]
2. Accordingly, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, for the honor of the Holy and undivided Trinity, for the glory and adornment of the Virgin Mother of God, for the exaltation of the Catholic Faith, and for the furtherance of the Catholic religion, by the authority of Jesus Christ our Lord, of the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and by our own: We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful. -- Bl. Pope Pius IX, Apostolic Constitution "Ineffabilis Deus" (12/8/1854)
3. Therefore, faithfully adhering to the tradition received from the beginning of the Christian faith, to the glory of God our Savior, for the exaltation of the Catholic religion and for the salvation of the Christian people, with the approval of the sacred council, we teach and define as a divinely revealed dogma that when the Roman pontiff speaks ex cathedra, that is, when, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church, he possesses, by the divine assistance promised to him in blessed Peter, that infallibility which the divine Redeemer willed His Church to enjoy in defining doctrine concerning faith or morals. Therefore, such definitions of the Roman pontiff are of themselves, and not by the consent of the Church, irreformable. So then, should anyone, which God forbid, have the temerity to reject this definition of ours: let him be anathema. -- Ecumenical Council of Vatican I, Dogmatic Constitution "Pastor Aeternus" 4:9-10 (7/18/1870)
2. Ordinary and Universal Magisterium (Definitive Teachings Not Yet Formally Declared to be Divinely Revealed Dogmas)
Persons teaching: "the Supreme Pontiff" alone or "the college of bishops ... together with the Roman Pontiff" (CIC 749 §1-2)
Subject Matter: "Each and every thing which is proposed definitively by the magisterium of the Church concerning the doctrine of faith and morals, that is, each and every thing which is required to safeguard reverently and to expound faithfully the same deposit of faith" (CIC 750 §2); not (yet) formally declared to be divinely revealed dogma; the second added paragraph of the Profession of Faith
Infallible?: Yes
Type of assent required: to be held with firm and irrevocable assent [DS 3074]
Consequences of dissent: "lack of full communion with the Church" because, according to CIC 750 §2, "one who rejects those propositions which are to be held definitively is opposed to the doctrine of the Catholic Church"; "not heresy" and does not entail excommunication or exclusion from sacraments unless this dissent is aggravated by "factors such as contempt for the Magisterium or scandal" [Avery Cardinal Dulles, Magisterium: Teacher and Guardian of the Faith 95-96]
Examples:
1. "Wherefore, in order that all doubt may be removed regarding a matter of great importance, a matter which pertains to the Church's divine constitution itself, in virtue of our ministry of confirming the brethren (cf. Lk. 22:32) we declare that the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women and that this judgment is to be definitively held by all the Church's faithful." -- Ven. John Paul II the Great, Apostolic Letter "Ordinatio Sacerdotalis" 4 (5/22/1994)
Editor: While Holy Mother Church permits Catholic theologians to classify the ban on the ordination of women as belonging to the first added paragraph of the Profession of Faith [Dulles 179], this is, for now, a theologoumenon, since the Magisterium has not yet defined the reservation of priestly orders to men as a divinely revealed dogma, though this does not mean it will not do so in the future. -- Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, Doctrinal Commentary on the Concluding Formula of the Professio Fidei 11 (6/29/1998).
Editor: At this point, to deny the irreformable teaching of this infallible declaration of Ven. Pope John Paul II the Great is not heresy (CIC 751), since the late pontiff did not propose the truth as a divinely revealed dogma. It would seem, then, that a denial of this infallible declaration is "sententia haeresi proxima." People who commit such a denial are, as stated above, not in full communion with the Catholic Church; unless there are aggravating factors, they can receive the sacraments and are not punished with latae sententiae excommunication for heresy (CIC 1364 §1) but rather "are to be punished with a just penalty" (CIC 1371 §1).
2. In honor of the Blessed Trinity, for the exaltation of the Catholic faith and the growth of Christian life, with the authority of Our Lord Jesus Christ, of the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul and our own, after lengthy reflection, having assiduously invoked God's assistance and taken into account the opinion of many brothers of ours in the episcopate, we declare and define Damien de Veuster to be a saint, and we enroll him in the catalogue of the saints, and we establish that in the whole Church he should be devoutly honored among the saints. In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. -- His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI, Declaration of the Sainthood of the Servant of God Damien de Veuster (10/11/2009)
3. St. John Paul II the Great was the legitimate Pope of Rome from 10/16/1978 to 4/2/2005.
Edit: This truth, while "not able to be declared as divinely revealed," is nonetheless "connected to revelation by historical necessity and ... [is] to be held definitively." -- Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, Doctrinal Commentary on the Concluding Formula of the Professio Fidei 11 (6/29/1998)
4. Wherefore, strictly adhering, in this matter, to the decrees of the pontiffs, our predecessors, and confirming them most fully, and, as it were, renewing them by our authority, of our own initiative and certain knowledge, we pronounce and declare that ordinations carried out according to the Anglican rite have been, and are, absolutely null and utterly void. -- Pope Leo XIII, Bull "Apostolicae Curae" 36 (9/18/1896)
5.
6.
7.

3. Ordinary Magisterium (Non-Definitive Teachings)
Persons teaching: "the Supreme Pontiff or the college of bishops" (CIC 752), "bishops who are in communion with the head and members of the college, whether individually or joined together in conferences of bishops or in particular councils" (CIC 753)
Subject Matter: "a doctrine ... concerning faith or morals ... not ... [proclaimed] by a definitive act" (CIC 752); the third added paragraph of the Profession of Faith
Infallible?: No
Type of assent required: "a religious submission of the intellect and will" (CIC 752)
Consequences of dissent:
Examples:

Monday, May 24, 2010

Church Fathers on John 17:3

It is written [John 17:1-3]:
These things Jesus spoke: and lifting up His eyes to Heaven, He said: "The hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may glorify You. As You have given Him power over all flesh, that He may give eternal life to all whom You have given Him. Now this is eternal life: That they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, Whom You have sent."
The sense is not that Jesus Christ is not true God, for the Scriptures clearly declare that Jesus Christ is true God. The same St. John declares [1 John 5:20], "And we know that the Son of God has come. And He has given us understanding that we may know the true God and may be in His true Son. This is the true God and life eternal." All the Fathers who commented on this passage understand it to be a proof of the divinity of Christ (Drum). See, e.g., St. Athanasius the Great [Statement of Faith 1; Letter to the Bishops of Egypt and Libya 2:13], St. Augustine the Great [Sermon 90:6 on the New Testament], and St. Gregory the Great [Letter XI:67 to Bishop Quiricus]. The NAB therefore justly translates the Johannine verse as "He is the true God and eternal life."

John 17:3 does not mean that "an exclusive diction can be joined to the personal term" when we speak of God, as St. Thomas Aquinas explains [ST I, q. 31, art. 4, ad 1]:
When we say, "Thee the only true God," we do not understand it as referring to the person of the Father, but to the whole Trinity, as Augustine expounds (De Trin. vi, 9). Or, if understood of the person of the Father, the other persons are not excluded by reason of the unity of essence; in so far as the word "only" excludes another thing, as above explained.
Here is how several glorious Church Fathers explain the mystery. From the East: Sts. Athanasius the Great [Discourse 3:24:7-9 Against the Arians], Gregory the Theologian [Oration 30:13], John Chrysostom the Great [Homilies 4:2, 31:1, and 80:2 on the Gospel of St. John]. From the West: Sts. Irenaeus [Against Heresies 4:1:2], Cyprian the Martyr [Letter 72:17], Hilary of Poitiers [On the Trinity 9:29,36], Ambrose the Great [On the Holy Spirit 2:3:26-28; Exposition of the Christian Faith 5:1:16-26], and Augustine the Great [On the Trinity 6:9:10].

Bishop St. Irenaeus of Lyons, Against Heresies 4:1:2 (A.D. 180):
Now to whom is it not clear, that if the Lord had known many fathers and gods, He would not have taught His disciples to know [only] one God [John 17:3] and to call Him alone Father? But He did the rather distinguish those who by word merely (verbo tenus) are termed gods, from Him Who is truly God, that they should not err as to His doctrine, nor understand one [in mistake] for another.
Bishop St. Cyprian the Martyr of Carthage, Letter 72:17 to Jubaianus Concerning the Baptism of Heretics (A.D. 255):
For they who know God the Father the Creator, ought also to know Christ the Son, lest they should flatter and applaud themselves about the Father alone, without the acknowledgment of His Son, Who also said, "No man comes to the Father but by Me" [John 14:6]. But He, the same, sets forth, that it is the knowledge of the two which saves, when He says, "And this is life eternal, that they might know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, Whom You have sent" [John 17:3] ... therefore, from the preaching and testimony of Christ Himself, the Father Who sent must be first known, then afterwards Christ, Who was sent, and there cannot be a hope of salvation except by knowing the two together.
Archbishop St. John Chrysostom the Great of Constantinople (Doctor), Homily 4:2 on the Gospel of St. John:
And what mean the expressions, "I am the first and I am the last" [Isaiah 44:6]; and, "before Me was no other God formed" [Isaiah 43:10]? For if the Son be not of the same Essence, there is another God; and if He be not Co-eternal, He is after Him; and if He did not proceed from His Essence, clear it is that He was made. But if they assert, that these things were said to distinguish Him from idols, why do they not allow that it is to distinguish Him from idols that He says, "the Only True God" [John 17:3]? Besides, if this was said to distinguish Him from idols, how would you interpret the whole sentence? "After Me," He says, "is no other God" [Isaiah 43:10]. In saying this, He does not exclude the Son, but that After Me there is no idol God, not that there is no Son.
He says in Homily 80:2 on the Gospel of St. John:
"The only true God," He says, by way of distinction from those which are not gods; for He was about to send them to the Gentiles. But if they will not allow this, but on account of this word "only" reject the Son from being true God, in this way as they proceed they reject Him from being God at all. For He also says, "You seek not the glory which is from the only God" [John 5:44]. Well then; shall not the Son be God? But if the Son be God, and the Son of the Father Who is called the Only God, it is clear that He also is true, and the Son of Him Who is called the Only true God. Why, when Paul says, "Or I only and Barnabas" [1 Corinthians 9:6], does he exclude Barnabas? Not at all; for the "only" is put by way of distinction from others. And, if He be not true God, how is He Truth? For truth far surpasses what is true. What shall we call the not being a true man, tell me? Shall we not call it the not being a man at all? So if the Son is not true God, how is He God? And how makes He us gods and sons, if He is not true?

Sunday, May 23, 2010

Solemnity of Pentecost 2010

Solemnity of Pentecost, Anno Domini 2010
Reading 1
Acts 2:1-11

When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim. Now there were devout Jews from every nation under Heaven staying in Jerusalem.

At this sound, they gathered in a large crowd, but they were confused because each one heard them speaking in his own language. They were astounded, and in amazement they asked, "Are not all these people who are speaking Galileans? Then how does each of us hear them in his native language? We are Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the districts of Libya near Cyrene, as well as travelers from Rome, both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs, yet we hear them speaking in our own tongues of the mighty acts of God."

Responsorial Psalm
Ps 104:1, 24, 29-30, 31, 34

R. (cf. 30) Lord, send out Your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.

or:

R. Alleluia.

Bless the LORD, O my soul!
O LORD, my God, You are great indeed!
How manifold are Your works, O LORD!
the earth is full of Your creatures;


R. Lord, send out Your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.

or:

R. Alleluia.

May the glory of the LORD endure forever;
may the LORD be glad in His works!
Pleasing to Him be my theme;
I will be glad in the LORD.


R. Lord, send out Your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.

or:

R. Alleluia.

If You take away their breath, they perish
and return to their dust.


When You send forth Your Spirit, they are created,
and You renew the face of the earth.


R. Lord, send out Your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.

or:

R. Alleluia.

Reading 2
1 Cor 12:3b-7, 12-13 or Rom 8:8-17

1 Cor 12:3b-7, 12-13
Brothers and sisters: No one can say, "Jesus is Lord," except by the Holy Spirit. There are different kinds of spiritual gifts but the same Spirit; there are different forms of service but the same Lord; there are different workings but the same God Who produces all of them in everyone. To each individual the manifestation of the Spirit is given for some benefit.

As a body is one though it has many parts, and all the parts of the body, though many, are one body, so also Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons, and we were all given to drink of one Spirit.


or


Rom 8:8-17
Brothers and sisters: Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. But you are not in the flesh; on the contrary, you are in the spirit, if only the Spirit of God dwells in you. Whoever does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to Him. But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the spirit is alive because of righteousness. If the Spirit of the One Who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, the One Who raised Christ from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also, through His Spirit that dwells in you. Consequently, brothers and sisters, we are not debtors to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. For if you live according to the flesh, you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.

For those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you received a Spirit of adoption, through Whom we cry, "Abba, Father!" The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if only we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.

Gospel
Jn 20:19-23 or Jn 14:15-16, 23b-26

Jn 20:19-23
On the evening of that first day of the week, when the doors were locked, where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and said to them, "Peace be with you." When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.

Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent Me, so I send you." And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained."


or


Jn 14:15-16, 23b-26
Jesus said to His disciples: "If you love Me, you will keep My commandments. And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate to be with you always."

"Whoever loves Me will keep My word, and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our dwelling with him. Those who do not love Me do not keep My words; yet the word you hear is not Mine but that of the Father Who sent Me. I have told you this while I am with you. The Advocate, the Holy Spirit Whom the Father will send in My Name, will teach you everything and remind you of all that I told you."

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Thank You Sts. Mary, Raphael, Rita, & Thomas Aquinas!!!

Mirror link

Glory to God in the highest! Thank you, Lord, for hearing the prayers of Sts. Mary, Raphael, Rita, and Thomas Aquinas. I was in an academic jam and I trusted in the intercession of the saints (I prayed successive novenas from A Treasury of Novenas to Mary the Mother of God, Raphael the Archangel, and Rita of Cascia; I also prayed the Rosary often) and the infinite mercy of God, and now I've got four out of my five grades for this semester back, and the average turned out to be higher than I expected and asked for! This is not merely the fruit of my weak efforts. This is God manifesting His boundless mercy on a wretched man like me who stands in most need of His healing, transforming forgiveness. St. Rita, whose feast day is the 22nd of this Month of Mary, I beg you, Patron Saint of the Impossible, to continue to intercede for me, a poor sinner, whenever I am in quandaries. My readers, I urge you in the strongest terms to pray to St. Rita in case of any needs, great or small. This exhortation is but one tiny part of my fulfillment of my promise to the holy stigmatist to "glorify [her] by making known [her] favor, and to bless [her] and sing [her] praises forever" [A Treasury of Novenas 254]! The same page of the book says:
O God, in Your infinite tenderness You have been pleased to regard the prayer of Your servant Rita, and to grant to her supplication that which is impossible to human foresight, skill, and effort, in reward for her compassionate love and firm reliance on Your promises.

Have pity on our adversities and comfort us in our calamities, that unbelievers may know that You are the recompense of the humble, the defense of the helpless, and the strength of those who trust in You. Grant this in the Name of Jesus the Lord.
God willing, I expect to reach my goal GPA this semester, pending notification of how I did in my fifth class.

Prayer is so powerful. The Liturgy of the Eucharist is the greatest prayer, and I thank you, Lord Jesus Christ, for letting partake of, though unworthy, Your Precious Body and Blood so many times since my incorporation into the Church of God which You have purchased with Your own Blood [Acts 20:28]. The Rosary and the novenas are so helpful and I beg you, dear readers, to pray novenas for any of your intentions. Thank you so much, St. Thomas Aquinas, for helping me to get an A in the class on your philosophy this semester. I love you and you are the prince of theologians! St. Raphael my patron saint, you are so great to me. O Blessed Ever-Virgin Mary, Mother of God and hope of sinners, you are the greatest of all, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary, and I entrust myself and those I love to your all-powerful intercession before the Lord our God.

Holy, Holy, Holy Lord, God of power and might! Heaven and earth are full of Your glory! Hosanna in the highest! Blessed is he who comes in the Name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!

Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, have mercy on all us poor sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

Notes on the Philosophy of Aquinas

St. Thomas Aquinas, pray for us poor sinners!

1. The kinds, principles and causes of physical change
Important Texts: St. Thomas Aquinas, "On the Principles of Nature"
Important Notes: Definitions from "On the Principles of Nature"

Change: Transition
From (Terminus a quo) being to (terminus ad quem) non-being or vv. (coming-to-be, ceasing-to-be)

Supernatural changes:
Creation: nothing → something
Annihilation: something → nothing

Natural changes (something that is potentially F → something that is actually F):
Generation:
Corruption:

F
Substantial (for x to be F is for X to be) – substantial predicates signify the substantial form
Accidental – For X to be F is for x to be Somehow (to be with quality; esse secundum quid)

It is form that becomes actual or ceases to be actual, and matter that is the underlying subject that remains the same throughout the change

substantial change requires prime matter as its underlying subject – prime matter characterizable as the only permanent subject of substantial change, that is receptive (potentially) of all natural material forms

Form & matter are two necessary principles of change
lack of form (privation) is a principle of change – not a positive entity, but a being of reason -- privation a necessary condition of physical change (in and of itself it is not effective=does not have intrinsic causal role; a condition of change but not responsible for sustaining being of either change or the terminus of the change)

external cause that brings form into actuality → the efficient cause – provides the energy for the coming-to-be of the form, which may coincidentally entail the ceasing-to-be of another form (e.g., heating paper to generate substantial form of fire out of prime matter of the paper – destruction of the sheet of paper)
Privation (principle but not a cause of change, since it is not a being), form, matter, efficient cause, and final cause (four causes)

Something can be a cause of itself in some respect and an effect in another respect at the same time. I can be a mover of myself, but not a per se cause of myself in the same respect. Nothing can be a per se cause of itself. God is not a self-caused cause, but an uncaused cause. He needs nothing to sustain His being/activity. On account of His simplicity He is not even a self-sustaining cause, but is in no need of sustenance.

Important Notes: "Per se vs. per accidens as they apply to privation"

2. Aquinas on being per accidens
Being with regard to accidental form

3. Aquinas's distinction of real beings vs. beings of reason

Important Notes: Yale Lecture on Being and Essence

There is only a distinction of reason between Socrates's animality and Socrates's humanity.

4. Materiality and metaphysical composition according to Aquinas -
Important Notes: "The types of composition in creatures distinguished by Aquinas"
Important Notes: "MAN=BODY+SOUL: Aquinas's Arithmetic of Human Nature"

5. Aquinas' thesis of the unity of substantial forms and its consequences in his philosophical anthropologyYale Lecture on Being and Essence, footnote in textbook that gives us outline of main argument for Aquinas's thesis of unity of substantial forms

Only one substantial form informing one substance. Two distinct acts of being would have to be one and the same thing which they inform, which is impossible.

There is just one substantial form of the human body; the cadaver is a new body with a new substantial form; what remains is only the prime matter that used to be informed by a soul and is now informed by the form of a cadaver. No accidental quality (shape, color) that cadaver seems to share with form of living body is numerically the same, since the living body is not the same body as the cadaver.

6. Individuation and materiality according to Aquinas
Individuation of our souls in afterlife (before Resurrection) is not due to actual inherence in matter, but in past inherence in matter which individuated them in the first place

1. suppositum (subsistent entity) has this act of being (esse) as quod est (as that which is)
2. The form has esse as quo est (as that by which the thing exists)
3. Matter has esse as in quo est (as its subject)

Averroes: if the intellect is immaterial, then it cannot be multiplied with the multiplication of bodies.
Avicenna: if human souls are individuated in their bodies, they can continue to be individuated after their separation from their bodies.

All human souls belong to the same species, because of Avicenna's idea that disembodied souls continue in their individual existence, and have their own specific essence. Angels are formally different, that is, different in species, from each other.

7. Aquinas on the real distinction between essence and existence in creatures and the real identity of the same in God
1. For every x, if the essence of x [e(x)] is known and its existence or being [b(x)] is not,
then e(x) is not identical with b(x), i.e., in the essence and existence of x are really
distinct. [R(x)]
2. There are some things x, such that R(x)
3. There is at most one y, such that ~R(y), call it d
4. Therefore, for every x other than d, R(x)
5. Every x, such that R(x), must be caused by d
6. Therefore, d exists
Aquinas does not assume God's existence; it is not required for proving the distinction between essence and existence in all creatures

Even in the case of pure immaterial forms (e.g., angels) there is composition between pure subsistent form (nothing but the essence of the thing which is nothing but the thing itself) and an act of existence that determines and limits its own capacity.

This is why God's existence does not need a sustaining cause – for us, what we are does not account for the fact THAT we are.

God sustains our being – just as, if we turn off the light source, there is nothing on the projector screen.

There can be at most one thing in which essence and existence are the same thing. How many ways can we multiply things within a kind? (1) Through matter (individuals having same form are multiplied through reception of form in different parcels of matter). But the essence of material things are not their being because material beings are not pure being (they are in potentiality on account of their matter). (2) ... [?] (3) Being divided by additional formal differences.

These all involve potentiality, which a pure being cannot admit.

8. Aquinas on the provability of God's existence
Important Texts: Summa Theologica I, q. 2, art. 1, ad 1 (Damascene), ad 2 (Anselm)
Important Texts: Summa Theologica I, q. 2, art. 2, ad 2 (Damascene)

A demonstration is any valid, sound, non question-begging deductive argument
-Scientific demonstration must consist of perfect syllogism. The middle term must be the quidditative definition of the subject.
-two kinds of demonstration: demonstration why (propter quid) & demonstration that (demonstratio propter quia)

Pay particular attention to objections in first two articles: (1) Stance on the Hyperrationality of St. Anselm; (2) Stance on the Fideism of St. John of Damascus.
(1) St. Anselm says self-evident, once we understand the meaning of the terms. But atheists can simply refuse to think of God in the same way we believers think of Him. St. Anselm's argument cannot be universally persuasive, says St. Thomas, because there is nothing to compel the atheist to think of God under this precise description.
(2) Any scientific proof would need quidditative definition of God, which is impossible. But we can have a nominal definition, and argue the existence of the cause from the existence of its effects, without having a quidditative definition of God.

9. Aquinas' proofs of God's existence
Five Ways: Summa Theologica I, q. 2, art. 3, corp.

Summa Theologica I, q. 2, art. 1, corp.: God's existence is self-evident in itself, since the subject and the predicate have the same signification. However, that God exists is not self-evident to us.

First Way: There has to be a Prime Mover, because no infinite series of causes is possible.

10. Aquinas on divine simplicity
Important Texts: Summa Theologica I, q. 3.

God is present in every creature, but not as a component part. He is not composed of matter and form, essence and existence, subject and accident, etc.

When Aquinas says Wisdom is the same as Power in God, he is using them as common terms for individualized instances. Just because Wisdom is not identified with Power in general, this does not mean that this Wisdom cannot be identified with this Power.

11. Aquinas on definition and essence
The essence of the soul is the substantial form of the body to the exclusion of its accidents (acts of thinking, willing).
Socrates is what his quidditative definition of his proximate species (man) signifies in him.
Socrates's forma totius is signified by his definition.
Socrates's quiddity is signified by his definition.
Socrates's soul is the substantial form of the matter of his body.
Socrates's body cannot be prime matter (Socrates's body is not his prime matter), but prime matter is a part of Socrates's body.

Socrates's body is Socrates, but Socrates's soul is not. Socrates's body, in the sense in which Socrates is a body, is Socrates.

It is true that Socrates is a body (non-exclusive sense, signification includes 3D-ness but does not exclude other essential perfections). It is also true that Socrates has a body (exclusive sense- sense excluding other essential perfections).

A term used in two different senses is equivocal.

There is only a distinction of reason between Socrates's animality and Socrates's humanity.

12. Aquinas on the immateriality of the human soul

Is the human soul a material form? Yes, because it is the substantial form of the human being (its being consists in informing the matter of the human body).

St. Peter is body & soul. His soul is only a survival of part of the human person St. Peter. But we can say, "St. Peter pray for us" by way of synecdoche (pars pro toto = part for the whole).

13. Aquinas' arguments for the immateriality of the intellect
Important Notes: "Intellective Functions According to Aristotle"

Since the materiality of cognition entails its singularity, the universality of cognition entails its immateriality. This is the main contrapositive implication that Aquinas uses in one of his arguments for the immateriality of the intellect.

Intellect is dependent for its input on the brain (in the form of phantasms), but not for the actuality of its operation or existence.

Intellect must be immaterial because it has its own immaterial activity that it cannot share with the body. This cannot take place in matter like seeing, sensing, walking, which activities necessarily occur in matter. The activity of kicking is nothing but the activity of the leg itself. Our brain assists in our thinking, but thinking is not the activity of our brain. On the other hand, kicking is not just assisted by our leg, but is performed by our leg.

The human intellect is a form of a form, and not a form of a composite substance. The intellect is not inherent in the soul-body composite, but inherent in the soul alone.

The intellect is an accident of the human soul, just as heat is an accident of fire. The agent intellect is an active power, the potential intellect is a passive power. These powers belong to Aristotle's classification of accidents.

The separate soul would naturally cognize only universals. Singular cognition is tied to the materiality of the internal & external senses.

Siger: inherence and subsistence are incompatible modes of being; therefore, if the intellect is immaterial, then it must be subsistent. The soul and the intellect are separate, since each is subsistent.

First argument from universality of scope of human thought starts with idea that human intellect is capable of forming some universal representation of some universal concept of all material natures. Any cognition consists in the reception of the form of the matter of the object, without the reception of the matter itself. The cognitive power cannot have any of the forms that it is capable of representing, just as the eye cannot have any of the colors in order to be receptive of any of the colors it sees (pupil colorless for this reason). If the intellect is representative of all material natures, but cannot have in its own nature, any of the forms it is capable of representing, it cannot have any of these material forms in its own nature. Thus the intellect cannot be inherent in matter (cannot be a material form), so it is immaterial.

14. Aquinas on being and goodness
"Goodness and being are really the same, and differ only in idea" (Summa Theologica I, q. 5, art. 1, corp.)

15. Aquinas on the relationship between positive law and natural law
"Natural law is the measure of the justice of positive legislation."

St. Paul Directly Calls Christ "God"

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

St. Paul directly gives the name "God" to Christ in several places. He exhorts the elders of Ephesus "to shepherd the Church of God that He obtained with His own Blood" (Acts 20:28; qtd. in Prat). Early Patristic witnesses to this reading include Sts. Jerome ("Letter 54:4 to Furia") and John Cassian ("On the Incarnation" 7:4). St. Jerome's witness is not to be taken lightly!

The "Letter to the Hebrews" contains highly explicit testimony to the full divinity of the Son. When St. Paul elaborates on the superiority of Christ to even the highest choirs of the angels, he declares that God the Father calls His Only-Begotten Son by the name of God: "But of the Son He says, 'Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the righteous scepter is the scepter of Your Kingdom'" (Hebrews 1:8).

Finally, to stress the full divinity of Christ in the most explicit terms, St. Paul tells St. Titus that "we wait for the blessed hope and manifestation of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ" (Titus 2:13; qtd. in Prat). This παρουσία on "the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night" (1 Thessalonians 5:2).

Works Cited

Christ Qua God Is Immutable (St. Paul)

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

All creatures change, but God is immutable: "I the LORD do not change" (Malachi 3:6; qtd. in ST I, q. 9, art. 1). St. Paul assigns to Christ the perfection of immutability, meaning that Christ is God incarnate: "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever" (Hebrews 13:8; qtd. in ST III, q. 16, art. 9). As God, He has not changed, is not changing, and will never change, unlike all of us, His servants.

Christ Is Creator, Not A Creature (St. Paul)

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

Being a creature and being the Creator are incompatible. For St. Paul, Christ is clearly the Creator, and there was no "time when [Christ] was not," as the impious Arius said. "In Him all things in Heaven and on earth were created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers—all things have been created through Him and for Him" (Colossians 1:16; qtd. in Prat). He is not only the efficient cause ("in Him" and "through Him") of all angels, humans, and other beings, but is also their final cause, the end "for" Whom everything was made. As the Creator Who "Himself is before all things," it is also His role to sustain the universe, according to St. Paul: "in Him all things hold together" (1:17; qtd. in Prat). In other words, "He sustains all things by His powerful word" (Hebrews 1:3). St. Paul did not write the "Letter to the Hebrews," but all its ideas and contents are Pauline, so that we may truly say that the letter is of "Apostolic origin" (Fonck). Therefore there is nothing to prevent us from employing its testimony in this paper in order to illustrate Pauline Christology.

Works Cited

Christ Is Omniscient (St. Paul)

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

St. Paul teaches us that Christ is God is by predicating of Him other attributes proper to God (Prat). God knows everything: "before Him no creature is hidden, but all are naked and are laid bare to the eyes of the One to Whom we must render an account"(Hebrews 4:13). Creatures cannot know everything that God knows: "No one comprehends what is truly God's except the Spirit of God," says St. Paul (1 Corinthians 2:11; qtd. in ST I, q. 14, art. 2). Yet he tells us that "all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge" are hidden in Christ (Colossians 2:3). What else can this mean but that Christ knows all things and is therefore God?

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

St. Paul's Rebuke of St. Peter

Mirror link

From a recent paper of mine ("Reflections on the 'Life and Letters of Paul' Class"):

The class handout "Peter and Barnabas's 'Hypocrisy' (Gal 2:11–14)" prompted me to examine the implications of the "Antioch incident" for the primacy of St. Peter. St. Paul recounts the incident as follows:
But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood self-condemned; for until certain people came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But after they came, he drew back and kept himself separate for fear of the circumcision faction. And the other Jews joined him in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. But when I say that they were not acting consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, "If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?" (Galatians 2:11-14).
The handout points out, "They had previously agreed with Paul that the Law of Moses could not be a barrier to fellowship between Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians in the one church." Since St. Paul was inspired by the Holy Spirit, we must accept that St. Peter erred in his conduct. I asked myself, "Does this pose a problem for papal infallibility?" I had not thought so, and deeper examination led me to continue to believe that the Antioch incident is no prejudice to the infallibility of St. Peter, the first bishop of Rome or "pope," according to the consistent testimony of the Fathers of the Church. Papal infallibility means that "the Roman Pontiff, head of the college of bishops, enjoys this infallibility in virtue of his office, when, as supreme pastor and teacher of all the faithful--who confirms his brethren in the faith--he proclaims by a definitive act a doctrine pertaining to faith or morals" (CCC 891). Nothing in St. Paul's account obliges us to believe that all these conditions were in place during the incident.

But if St. Peter was the first pope, how is it that St. Paul "opposed him to his face" (Galatians 2:11)? One might analogize the incident to a hypothetical situation in which Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi publicly rebukes President Barack Obama for acting consistently with his own principles and platform, or even his own executive orders. Just as we would not conclude from such an incident that Pelosi is higher in rank than Obama, we do not conclude that "St. Paul's reprehending [St. Peter is] any argument against his supremacy," as the 18th-century Bishop Richard Challoner of Debra puts it (Challoner). Thus St. Augustine, in his gloss on this passage, instructs us that "Peter gave an example to superiors, that if at any time they should happen to stray from the straight path, they should not disdain to be reproved by their subjects" (qtd. in ST II-II, q. 33, art. 4, ad 2).

Works Cited

The Protestant Mutilation of Sacred Scripture

Mirror link

From a recent paper of mine ("Reflections on the 'Life and Letters of Paul' Class"):

Many authoritative Church councils prior to the Reformation defined the same canon as the canon of Scripture defined by the Ecumenical Council of Trent in 1546; they include the 393 Synod of Hippo and three Carthaginian councils in the years 393, 397, and 419 (Reid). The canon of the Council of Trent is the same as the Canon of Pope St. Innocent I from the year 405, which was sanctioned by Pope Adrian I and, in 865, by Pope St. Nicholas I the Great (ibid.). I quickly found strong support for the Catholic view among the Fathers of the Church; we are bound to accept their unanimous consent on any matter of faith and morals, or we are forced to say that they, the best witnesses to the traditions handed down by the Apostles, were deceived en masse.

Before I was forced by time constraints to postpone my research on the Bible canon used by the Church Fathers, I found no small number of Church Fathers quoting the "Deuterocanonical" books and "additions" as divinely inspired Scripture: Tobit (Sts. Polycarp, Cyprian, Athanasius the Great, John Chrysostom, Ambrose, Leo the Great, Gregory the Great); Judith (Sts. Ambrose, Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian); the longer version of Esther, extending from 10:4 to 16:24 (St. Jerome); Wisdom (Sts. Cyprian, Dionysius the Great, Cyril of Jerusalem, Athanasius, Gregory of Nyssa, Basil, Gregory the Theologian, Ambrose, John Chrysostom, Jerome, John Cassian, Leo, Gregory the Great, John of Damascus); Sirach (Sts. Dionysius the Great, Aphrahat the Sage of Persia, Cyril of Jerusalem, Athanasius, Basil, Ambrose, Jerome, John Cassian, Vincent of Lérins, Leo, Gregory the Great); Baruch (Sts. Hippolytus, Cyril of Jerusalem, Athanasius, Basil, Gregory of Nyssa, Ambrose, John Cassian); the Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children, or Daniel 3:24-90 (St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Theodoret); the Story of Susanna, or Daniel 13 (Sts. Cyril of Jerusalem, Hilary, Athanasius, Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom, Leo); the Story of Bel and the Dragon, or Daniel 14 (Sts. Cyprian, Athanasius, Gregory the Theologian, Basil); 1 Maccabees (Sts. Hippolytus, Cyprian, Ambrose, Gregory the Theologian, Augustine); and 2 Maccabees cited by Sts. Cyprian, Aprahat, Basil, Hilary (Huysman).

Works Cited

Romans 9:5: Christ is God

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

In Romans 9:5 St. Paul refers to Christ as "the Messiah, Who is over all, God blessed forever." All the Church Fathers who made use of this text in their Christological writings interpreted the original Greek, "ὁ ὢν ἐπὶ πάντων θεὸς," to mean that Christ is "God over all" (Drum). These witnesses include Sts. Irenaeus, "Cyprian, Athanasius, Gregory of Nyssa, Ambrose, Augustine, and Hilary" (ibid.) This syntax has, for the Fathers, the same meaning as the syntax of the alternative translation in the NRSV footnote: that our Lord is the "Messiah, Who is God over all, blessed forever" (1922c).

Works Cited

St. Paul on Jesus Christ, "Our Great God and Savior"

Mirror link

From my recent paper ("St. Paul on Jesus Christ, 'Our Great God and Savior'"):

St. Paul says that Jesus Christ is God made man. He indicates the divinity of Christ when he tells us that Christ is the omniscient, immutable, omnipresent, and omnipotent Creator, Judge, and Savior, Whom we must worship in order to be saved (Prat). He also expressly gives the name "God" (Θεός) to Christ in several places. At the same time, Christ is true man, like us in all ways except that He is the sinless second Adam (Maas). By His life, death, and resurrection He has gained eternal life for us. In His death He rid us from the curse of the Law by bearing that curse for all of us ("Implications of the Death and Resurrection"). We best serve Him by imitating Him in love, compassion, humility, meekness, forgiveness, and patience.

Works Cited

Sunday, May 09, 2010

Montfort Method Four: Glorious Mysteries

I've inserted Douay Rheims Bible verses (gleaned from the Summa Theologica and Summa Contra Gentiles of St. Thomas Aquinas, and also from The Glories of Mary by St. Alphonsus Maria Liguori, and one on the Assumption from the website of Mr. John Salza) for better reflection on the Mysteries of our Redemption. Our Lady, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary and St. Louis de Montfort, pray for us poor sinners, now and at the hour of our death! Amen. Method Four from here.

†In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

Credo:

Faith in the presence of God.
Faith in the Gospel.
Mark 1:15: The time is accomplished and the Kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe the gospel.
Faith and obedience to the pope as Vicar of Jesus Christ.
Matthew 16:18-19: "And I say to you: That you are Peter; and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. And whatsoever you shall bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in Heaven: and whatsoever you shall loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in Heaven."

Our Father: Unity of one, living and true God.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5: Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your whole strength.

Hail Mary: To honor the eternal Father Who conceives His Son in contemplating Himself.
Hail Mary: The eternal Word, equal to His Father and Who with Him produces the Holy Spirit by Their mutual love.
John 1:1-3: In the beginning was the Word: and the Word was with God: and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by Him: and without Him was made nothing that was made.
Hail Mary: The Holy Spirit Who proceeds from the Father and the Son by the way of love.
Revelation 22:1-2: And He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street thereof, and on both sides of the river, was the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits, yielding its fruits every month: the leaves of the tree for the healing of the nations.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

The Resurrection
We offer Thee, O Lord Jesus, this eleventh decade in honor of Thy glorious Resurrection, and we ask of Thee, through this Mystery and through the intercession of Thy holy Mother, love of God and fervor in Thy service. Amen.

Our Father: The eternity of God without a beginning.
Exodus 15:18: The Lord shall reign for ever and ever.
Psalm 73:12: But God is our King before ages: He has wrought salvation in the midst of the earth.
Micah 5:2: And you Bethlehem Ephrata, are a little one among the thousands of Judah, out of you shall he come forth unto me that is to be the ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the days of eternity.
1. Hail Mary: To honor the descent of the soul of Our Lord into hell.
Ephesians 4:9: Now that He ascended, what is it, but because He also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
2. Hail Mary: The joy and the release of the ancient fathers who were in limbo.
Hosea 13:14: I will deliver them out of the hand of death. I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be your death; O hell, I will be your bite: comfort is hidden from My eyes.
Zechariah 9:11: You also by the Blood of Your testament have sent forth Your prisoners out of the pit, wherein is no water.
3. Hail Mary: The re-uniting of His Body and Soul in the tomb.
Job 19:25-27: For I know that my Redeemer lives, and in the last day I shall rise out of the earth. And I shall be clothed again with my skin, and in my flesh I shall see my God. Whom I myself shall see, and my eyes shall behold, and not another: this my hope is laid up in my bosom.
Psalm 15:10: Because You will not leave my Soul in hell; nor will You give Your Holy One to see corruption.
4. Hail Mary: His miraculous emergence from the tomb.
Matthew 28:2-4: And behold there was a great earthquake. For an angel of the Lord descended from Heaven and coming rolled back the stone and sat upon it. And his countenance was as lightning and his raiment as snow. And for fear of him, the guards were struck with terror and became as dead men.
Mark 16:2-7: And very early in the morning, the first day of the week, they come to the sepulcher, the sun being now risen. And they said one to another: "Who shall roll us back the stone from the door of the sepulcher?" And looking, they saw the stone rolled back. For it was very great. And entering into the sepulcher, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed with a white robe: and they were astonished. Who says to them: "Be not affrighted, you seek Jesus of Nazareth, Who was crucified. He is risen: He is not here. Behold the place where they laid Him. But go, tell His disciples and Peter that He goes before you into Galilee. There you shall see Him, as He told you."
Luke 24:2-7: And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulcher. And going in, they found not the Body of the Lord Jesus. And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel. And as they were afraid and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: "Why seek you the living with the dead? He is not here, but is risen. Remember how He spoke unto you, when He was yet in Galilee, saying: 'The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified and the third day rise again.'"
5. Hail Mary: His victories over death and sin, the world and the devil.
Matthew 4:1-11: Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert, to be tempted by the devil. And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards He was hungry. And the tempter coming said to Him: "If You be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread." Who answered and said: "It is written, 'Not in bread alone does man live, but in every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.'" Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, and set Him upon the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him: "If You be the Son of God, cast Yourself down, for it is written: 'That He has given His angels charge over You, and in their hands shall they bear You up, lest perhaps You dash Your foot against a stone.'" Jesus said to him: "It is written again: 'You shall not tempt the Lord your God.'" Again the devil took Him up into a very high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them, and said to Him: "All these will I give You, if falling down You will adore me." Then Jesus said to him: "Begone, Satan: for it is written: 'The Lord your God shall you adore, and Him only shall you serve.'" Then the devil left Him; and behold angels came and ministered to Him.
John 10:18: "No man takes it away from Me: but I lay it down of Myself. And I have power to lay it down: and I have power to take it up again. This commandment have I received of My Father."
Acts 2:24: Whom God has raised up, having loosed the sorrows of hell, as it was impossible that He should be holden by it.
Romans 6:9: Knowing that Christ, rising again from the dead, dies now no more. Death shall no more have dominion over Him.
1 Corinthians 15:20-23: But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep: For by a man came death: and by a man the resurrection of the dead. And as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive. But every one in his own order: the firstfruits, Christ: then they that are of Christ, who have believed in His coming.
1 Corinthians 15:54: Death is swallowed up in victory.
Colossians 2:14-15: Blotting out the handwriting of the decree that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken the same out of the way, fastening it to the Cross. And despoiling the principalities and powers, He has exposed them confidently in open show, triumphing over them in Himself.
Hebrews 2:14-15: Therefore because the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself in like manner has been partaker of the same: that, through death, He might destroy him who had the empire of death, that is to say, the devil: And might deliver them, who through the fear of death were all their lifetime subject to servitude.
6. Hail Mary: The four qualities of His glorious Body (Impassibility, Subtlety, Agility, & Clarity).
Wisdom 3:7: The just shall shine, and shall run to and fro like sparks among the reeds.
Isaiah 40:31: But they that hope in the Lord shall renew their strength, they shall take wings as eagles, they shall run and not be weary, they shall walk and not faint.
Matthew 13:43: "Then shall the just shine as the sun, in the Kingdom of their Father."
Luke 21:18: "But a hair of your head shall not perish."
Luke 24:39: "See My hands and feet, that it is I Myself. Handle, and see: for a spirit has not flesh and bones, as you see Me to have."
John 20:19-20,26-29: Now when it was late the same day, the first of the week, and the doors were shut, where the disciples were gathered together, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst and said to them: "Peace be to you." And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The disciples therefore were glad, when they saw the Lord. ... And after eight days, again His disciples were within, and Thomas with them. Jesus comes, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst and said: "Peace be to you." Then He said to Thomas: "Put in your finger hither and see My hands. And bring hither the hand and put it into My side. And be not faithless, but believing." Thomas answered and said to Him: "My Lord and my God!" Jesus said to him: "Because you have seen Me, Thomas, you have believed: blessed are they that have not seen and have believed."
1 Corinthians 15:43-44: It is sown in dishonor: it shall rise in glory. It is sown in weakness: it shall rise in power. It is sown a natural body: it shall rise a spiritual body.
Philippians 3:20-21: But our conversation is in Heaven: from whence also we look for the Savior, our Lord Jesus Christ, Who will reform the body of our lowness, made like to the Body of His glory, according to the operation whereby also He is able to subdue all things unto Himself.
7. Hail Mary: The power that He received from His Father in Heaven and on earth.
Daniel 7:13-14: I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of Heaven, and He came even to the Ancient of Days: and they presented Him before Him. And He gave Him power, and glory, and a Kingdom: and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve Him: His power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and His Kingdom that shall not be destroyed.
John 5:26: "For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has given to the Son also to have life in Himself."
8. Hail Mary: His appearances to His Mother, His apostles and disciples.
Mark 16:9: But He rising early the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary Magdalen; out of whom He had cast seven devils.
Acts 1:3: He showed Himself alive after His passion, by many proofs, for forty days appearing to them, and speaking of the Kingdom of God.
Acts 10:40-41: Him God raised up the third day and gave Him to be made manifest, not to all the people, but to witnesses preordained by God, even to us, who ate and drank with Him, after He arose again from the dead.
9. Hail Mary: His discourses on Heaven and the meal that He had with His disciples.
Luke 24:41-49: But while they yet believed not and wondered for joy, He said: "Have you here anything to eat?" And they offered Him a piece of a broiled fish and a honeycomb. And when He had eaten before them, taking the remains, He gave to them. And He said to them: "These are the words which I spoke to you while I was yet with you, that all things must needs be fulfilled which are written in the law of Moses and in the prophets and in the psalms, concerning Me." Then He opened their understanding, that they might understand the Scriptures. And He said to them: "Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer and to rise again from the dead, the third day: And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in His Name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And you are witnesses of these things. And I send the promise of My Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high."
Acts 1:4: And eating together with them, he commanded them, that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but should "wait for the promise of the Father, which you have heard" (says He) "by My mouth."
10. Hail Mary: The peace, the authority and the mission He gave them to go out into the whole world.
Matthew 28:18-20: And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: "All power is given to Me in Heaven and in earth. Going therefore, teach all nations: baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world."
John 20:21-23: He said therefore to them again: "Peace be to you. As the Father has sent Me, I also send you." When He had said this, He breathed on them; and He said to them: "Receive the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them: and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."

May the grace of the Mystery of the Resurrection come down into our souls. Amen.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

The Ascension of Jesus Christ
We offer Thee, O Lord Jesus, this twelfth decade in honor of Thy triumphant Ascension, and we ask of Thee, through this Mystery and through the intercession of Thy holy Mother, an ardent desire for Heaven, our true home. Amen.

Our Father: The unlimited omnipresence of God.
Psalm 138:7-10: Whither shall I go from Your Spirit? Or whither shall I flee from Your face? If I ascend into Heaven, You are there: if I descend into hell, You are present. If I take my wings early in the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea: Even there also shall Your hand lead me: and Your right hand shall hold me.
Jeremiah 23:24: "Shall a man be hid in secret places, and I not see him?" says the Lord. "Do not I fill heaven and earth?" says the Lord.

1. Hail Mary: To honor the promise that Jesus Christ made to His Apostles to send them the Holy Spirit and the command He gave them to prepare to receive Him.
John 14:26: "But the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, Whom the Father will send in My Name, He will teach you all things and bring all things to your mind, whatsoever I shall have said to you."
John 16:7: "But I tell you the truth: it is expedient to you that I go. For if I go not, the Paraclete will not come to you: but if I go, I will send Him to you."
2. Hail Mary: The gathering of all His disciples on the Mount of Olives.
Matthew 28:16: And the eleven disciples went into Galilee, unto the mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
3. Hail Mary: The blessings He gave them as He rose from the earth towards Heaven.
Luke 24:50-51: And He led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up His hands, He blessed them. And it came to pass, whilst He blessed them, He departed from them and was carried up to Heaven.
4. Hail Mary: His glorious Ascension by His own power into Heaven.
Psalm 67:19: You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts in men. Yea for those also that do not believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.
Isaiah 63:1: Who is this that comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bosra, this beautiful One in His robe, walking in the greatness of His strength. I, that speak justice, and am a defender to save.
Acts 1:9: And when He had said these things, while they looked on, He was raised up: and a cloud received Him out of their sight.
Ephesians 4:10: He that descended is the same also that ascended above all the heavens: that He might fill all things.
5. Hail Mary: The welcome and triumphant acclaim which He received from God, His Father and from all the Heavenly court.
Psalm 46:6: God is ascended with jubilee, and the Lord with the sound of trumpet.
6. Hail Mary: The triumphant power with which He opened the gates of Heaven through which no mortal had passed.
Micah 2:13: For He shall go up that shall open the way before them: they shall divide and pass through the gate, and shall come in by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord at the head of them.
7. Hail Mary: His being seated at the right hand of His Father as His beloved Son equal to His Father.
Psalm 15:11: You have made known to me the ways of life, You shall fill me with joy with Your countenance: at Your right hand are delights even to the end.
Mark 16:19: And the Lord Jesus, after He had spoken to them, was taken up into Heaven and sits on the right hand of God.
Romans 8:33-39: Who shall accuse against the elect of God? God is He that justifies: Who is he that shall condemn? Christ Jesus that died: yea that is risen also again, Who is at the right hand of God, Who also makes intercession for us. Who then shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation? Or distress? Or famine? Or nakedness? Or danger? Or persecution? Or the sword? (As it is written: "For Your sake, we are put to death all the day long. We are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.") But in all these things we overcome, because of Him that has loved us. For I am sure that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor might, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Ephesians 1:19-20: And what is the exceeding greatness of His power towards us, who believe according to the operation of the might of His power, which He wrought in Christ, raising Him up from the dead and setting Him on His right hand in the Heavenly places.
Colossians 3:1: Therefore if you be risen with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God.
Hebrews 1:13: But to which of the angels said He at any time: "Sit on My right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool?"
8. Hail Mary: The power He received to judge the living and the dead.
Job 36:17: Your cause has been judged as that of the wicked, cause and judgment you shall recover.
Proverbs 20:8: The King, that sits on the throne of judgment, scatters away all evil with His look.
John 5:22,27-30: For neither does the Father judge any man: but has given all judgment to the Son. ... And He has given Him power to do judgment, because He is the Son of man. Wonder not at this: for the hour comes wherein all that are in the graves shall hear the voice of the Son of God. And they that have done good things shall come forth unto the resurrection of life: but they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of judgment. I cannot of Myself do anything. As I hear, so I judge. And My judgment is just: because I seek not My own will but the will of Him that sent Me.
9. Hail Mary: His last coming upon earth when His power and majesty will appear in all their magnificence.
Matthew 24:27-31,36-51: For as lightning comes out of the east and appears even into the west: so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Wheresoever the body shall be, there shall the eagles also be gathered together. And immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun shall be darkened and the moon shall not give her light and the stars shall fall from heaven and the powers of heaven shall be moved. And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in Heaven. And then shall all tribes of the earth mourn: and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of Heaven with much power and majesty. And He shall send His angels with a trumpet and a great voice: and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest parts of the heavens to the utmost bounds of them. ... But of that day and hour no one knows: no, not the angels of Heaven, but the Father alone. And as in the days of Noah, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For, as in the days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, even till that day in which Noah entered into the ark: And they knew not till the flood came and took them all away: so also shall the coming of the Son of man be. Then two shall be in the field. One shall be taken and one shall be left. Two women shall be grinding at the mill. One shall be taken and one shall be left. Watch therefore, because you know not what hour your Lord will come. But know this: that, if the goodman of the house knew at what hour the thief would come, he would certainly watch and would not suffer his house to be broken open. Wherefore be you also ready, because at what hour you know not the Son of man will come. Who, do you think, is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has appointed over his family, to give them meat in season? Blessed is that servant, whom when his lord shall come he shall find so doing. Amen I say to you: he shall place him over all his goods. But if that evil servant shall say in his heart: "My lord is long a coming," and shall begin to strike his fellow servants and shall eat and drink with drunkards: The lord of that servant shall come in a day that he hopes not and at an hour that he knows not: And shall separate him and appoint his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Hebrews 9:28: The second time He shall appear without sin to them that expect Him unto salvation.
10. Hail Mary: The justice He will mete out at the Last Judgment when He rewards the just and punishes the wicked for all eternity.
Psalm 9:5: For You have maintained my judgment and my cause: You have sat on the throne, Who judge justice.
Matthew 25:31-46: And when the Son of man shall come in His majesty, and all the angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the seat of His majesty. And all nations shall be gathered together before Him: and He shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats: And He shall set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on His left. Then shall the King say to them that shall be on His right hand: "Come, you blessed of My Father, possess you the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was hungry, and you gave Me to eat: I was thirsty, and you gave Me to drink: I was a stranger, and you took Me in: Naked, and you covered Me: sick, and you visited Me: I was in prison, and you came to Me." Then shall the just answer Him, saying: "Lord, when did we see You hungry and fed You: thirsty and gave You drink? Or when did we see You a stranger and took You in? Or naked and covered You? Or when did we see You sick or in prison and came to You?" And the King answering shall say to them: "Amen I say to you, as long as you did it to one of these my least brethren, you did it to Me." Then He shall say to them also that shall be on His left hand: "Depart from Me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, which was prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you gave Me not to eat: I was thirsty and you gave Me not to drink. I was a stranger and you took Me not in: naked and you covered Me not: sick and in prison and you did not visit Me." Then they also shall answer Him, saying: "Lord, when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and did not minister to You?" Then He shall answer them, saying: "Amen: I say to you, as long as you did it not to one of these least, neither did you do it to Me." And these shall go into everlasting punishment: but the just, into life everlasting.
Romans 14:10-12: But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. For it is written: "'As I live,' says the Lord, 'every knee shall bow to Me and every tongue shall confess to God.'" Therefore every one of us shall render account to God for himself.

May the grace of the Mystery of the Ascension come down into our souls. Amen.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

Pentecost
We offer Thee, O Lord Jesus, this thirteenth decade in honor of the Mystery of Pentecost, and we ask of Thee, through this Mystery and through the intercession of Thy holy Mother, the coming of the Holy Spirit into our souls. Amen.

Our Father: The all-embracing Providence of God.
Psalm 148:6: He has established them for ever, and for ages of ages: He has made a decree, and it shall not pass away.
Wisdom 8:1: She [Wisdom] reaches, therefore, from end to end mightily, and orders all things sweetly.
Wisdom 14:3-4: But Your providence, O Father, governs it: for You have made a way even in the sea, and a most sure path among the waves, showing that You are able to save out of all things, yea, though a man went to sea without art.
Matthew 10:29: Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? And not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father.
Romans 13:1-2: Let every soul be subject to higher powers. For there is no power but from God: and those that are ordained of God. Therefore, he that resists the power resists the ordinance of God. And they that resist purchase to themselves damnation.
Ephesians 1:11: In Whom we also are called by lot, being predestinated according to the purpose of Him Who works all things according to the counsel of His will.

1. Hail Mary: To honor the truth of God the Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father and the Son and Who is the love of the Godhead.
John 16:13-15: But when He, the Spirit of Truth, has come, He will teach you all truth. For He shall not speak of Himself: but what things soever He shall hear, He shall speak. And the things that are to come, He shall show you. He shall glorify Me: because He shall receive of Mine and shall show it to you. All things whatsoever the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He shall receive of Me and show it to you.
2. Hail Mary: The sending of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles by the Father and the Son.
John 15:26: "But when the Paraclete comes, Whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth, Who proceeds from the Father, He shall give testimony of Me."
3. Hail Mary: His descent accompanied by the sound of a great wind which shows His might and power.
Acts 2:1-2: And when the days of the Pentecost were accomplished, they were all together in one place; and suddenly there came a sound from Heaven, as of a mighty wind coming, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.
4. Hail Mary: The tongues of fire He sent to the Apostles giving them an understanding of the Scriptures and love of God and neighbor.
Acts 2:3-12: And there appeared to them parted tongues, as it were of fire, and it sat upon every one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they began to speak with diverse tongues, according as the Holy Ghost gave them to speak. Now there were, dwelling at Jerusalem, Jews — devout men, out of every nation under Heaven. And when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded in mind, because every man heard them speak in his own tongue. And they were all amazed, and wondered, saying: "Behold, are not all these that speak Galilean? And how have we heard, every man our own tongue wherein we were born? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews also, and proselytes, Cretes, and Arabians: we have heard them speak in our own tongues the wonderful works of God." And they were all astonished, and wondered, saying one to another: "What does this mean?"
5. Hail Mary: The fullness of grace which the heart of Mary, His faithful spouse, was privileged to receive.
Luke 1:26-28: And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, called Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David: and the virgin's name was Mary. And the angel being come in, said unto her: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women."
6. Hail Mary: The marvelous guidance He gave to all the saints and even to the person of Jesus Christ during all His life.
7. Hail Mary: The twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit.
Galatians 5:22-23: But the fruit of the Spirit is, charity, joy, peace, patience, benignity, goodness, longanimity, mildness, faith, modesty, continency, chastity. Against such there is no law.
8. Hail Mary: The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 11:2-3: And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him: the Spirit of wisdom, and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel, and of fortitude, the Spirit of knowledge, and of godliness. And He shall be filled with the Spirit of the fear of the Lord, He shall not judge according to the sight of the eyes, nor reprove according to the hearing of the ears.
9. Hail Mary: To ask especially for the gift of wisdom and the coming of His Kingdom into men's hearts.
Jeremiah 9:23-24: Thus says the Lord: "Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, and let not the strong man glory in his strength, and let not the rich man glory in his riches: But let him that glories glory in this, that he understands and knows Me, for I am the Lord that exercise mercy, and judgment, and justice in the earth: for these things please Me," says the Lord.
Wisdom 7:28-30: For God loves none but him that dwells with wisdom. For she is more beautiful than the sun, and above all the order of the stars: being compared with the light, she is found before it. For after this comes night, but no evil can overcome wisdom.
1 Corinthians 1:30-31: But of Him are you in Christ Jesus, Who of God is made unto us wisdom and justice and sanctification and redemption: that, as it is written: "He that glories may glory in the Lord."
Colossians 4:5: Walk with wisdom towards them that are without, redeeming the time.
James 3:17-18: But the wisdom that is from above, first indeed is chaste, then peaceable, modest, easy to be persuaded, consenting to the good, full of mercy and good fruits, without judging, without dissimulation. And the fruit of justice is sown in peace, to them that make peace.
10. Hail Mary: To be victorious over the three evil spirits that are opposed to Him, namely the spirit of the flesh, of the world and of the devil.
Luke 4:13: And all the temptation being ended, the devil departed from Him for a time.
Ephesians 6:10-18: Finally, brethren, be strengthened in the Lord and in the might of His power. Put you on the armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the deceits of the devil. For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood; but against principalities and powers, against the rulers of the world of this darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places. Therefore, take unto you the armor of God, that you may be able to resist in the evil day and to stand in all things perfect. Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth and having on the breastplate of justice: And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace. In all things taking the shield of faith, wherewith you may be able to extinguish all the fiery darts of the most wicked one. And take unto you the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit (which is the word of God). By all prayer and supplication praying at all times in the Spirit: and in the same watching with all instance and supplication for all the saints.

May the grace of the Mystery of Pentecost come down into our souls. Amen.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

The Assumption of Mary
We offer Thee, O Lord Jesus, this fourteenth decade in honor of the resurrection and triumphant Assumption of Thy holy Mother into Heaven, and we ask of Thee, through this Mystery and through her intercession, a tender devotion for so good a Mother. Amen.

Our Father: The unspeakable generosity of God.

1. Hail Mary: To honor the eternal predestination of Mary to be the masterpiece of God's hands.
1 Chronicles 29:1: For a house is prepared not for man, but for God.
2. Hail Mary: Her Immaculate Conception and her fullness of grace and reason in the very womb of St. Anne.
Genesis 3:15: "I will put enmities between you and the woman, and your seed and her seed: she shall crush your head, and you shall lie in wait for her heel."
Psalm 45:5-6: The stream of the river makes the city of God joyful: the most High has sanctified His own tabernacle. God is in the midst thereof, it shall not be moved: God will help it in the morning early.
Psalm 86:1-3,5: The foundations thereof are the holy mountains: The Lord loves the gates of Zion above all the tabernacles of Jacob. Glorious things are said of you, O city of God. ... And the Highest himself has founded her.
Psalm 92:5: Holiness becomes Your house, O Lord, unto length of days.
Proverbs 9:1: Wisdom has built herself a house, she has hewn her out seven pillars.
Songs 6:9-10: One is my dove, my perfect one is but one, she is the only one of her mother, the chosen of her that bore her. The daughters saw her, and declared her most blessed: the queens and concubines, and they praised her. Who is she that comes forth as the morning rising, fair as the moon, bright as the sun, terrible as an army set in array?
Wisdom 1:4: For wisdom will not enter into a malicious soul, nor dwell in a body subject to sins.
Luke 1:28: And the angel being come in, said unto her: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women."
3. Hail Mary: Her birth which gladdened the whole world.
Songs 3:6: Who is she that goes up by the desert, as a pillar of smoke of aromatical spices, of myrrh, and frankincense, and of all the powders of the perfumer?
Songs 8:5: Who is this that comes up from the desert, flowing with delights, leaning upon her beloved?
Isaiah 2:2: And in the last days the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be prepared on the top of mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills, and all nations shall flow unto it.
4. Hail Mary: Her presentation and her abode in the temple.
5. Hail Mary: Her wonderful life and her exemption from all sin.
Songs 4:7: You are all fair, O my love, and there is not a spot in you.
Wisdom 1:4: For wisdom will not enter into a malicious soul, nor dwell in a body subject to sins.
Luke 1:30-31: And the angel said to her: "Fear not, Mary, for you have found grace with God. Behold you shall conceive in your womb and shall bring forth a Son: and you shall call His Name Jesus."
2 Corinthians 6:14-15: Or what fellowship has light with darkness? And what concord has Christ with Belial?
Hebrews 7:26: For it was fitting that we should have such a High Priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners, and made higher than the heavens.
6. Hail Mary: Her fullness of pre-eminent virtue.
Proverbs 31:29: Many daughters have gathered together riches: you have surpassed them all.
Psalm 71:6: He shall come down like rain upon the fleece; and as showers falling gently upon the earth.
Luke 1:28: And the angel being come in, said unto her: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women."
7. Hail Mary: Her fruitful virginity and her painless childbearing.
Exodus 3:2: And the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he saw that the bush was on fire, and was not burnt.
Luke 2:7: And she brought forth her first born Son and wrapped Him up in swaddling clothes and laid Him in a manger: because there was no room for them in the inn.
8. Hail Mary: Her divine Motherhood and her relationship with the three persons of the Most Holy Trinity.
Songs 2:2: As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.
Songs 4:12: My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up.
Sirach 24:5: I came out of the mouth of the most High, the firstborn before all creatures.
Luke 1:29-37: Who having heard, was troubled at his saying and thought with herself what manner of salutation this should be. And the angel said to her: "Fear not, Mary, for you have found grace with God. Behold you shall conceive in your womb and shall bring forth a Son: and you shall call His Name Jesus. He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of David His father: and He shall reign in the house of Jacob forever. And of His Kingdom there shall be no end." And Mary said to the angel: "How shall this be done, because I know not man?" And the angel answering, said to her: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon you and the power of the Most High shall overshadow you. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God. And behold your cousin Elizabeth, she also has conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her that is called barren. Because no word shall be impossible with God."
9. Hail Mary: Her precious and loving death.
Psalm 41:2: As the hart pants after the fountains of water; so my soul pants after You, O God.
Psalm 54:7: And I said: "Who will give me wings like a dove, and I will fly and be at rest?"
Songs 2:10-11: Behold my beloved speaks to me: "Arise, make haste, my love, my dove, my beautiful one, and come. For winter is now past, the rain is over and gone."
Songs 5:8: I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if you find my beloved, that you tell him that I languish with love.
Luke 12:34: For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Revelation 14:13: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.
10. Hail Mary: Her resurrection and triumphant Assumption.
2 Samuel 6:15: And David and all the louse of Israel brought the ark of the covenant of the Lord with joyful shouting, and with sound of trumpet.
Psalm 132:8: Arise, O Lord, into Your resting place: You and the ark, which You have sanctified.


May the grace of the Mystery of the Assumption come down into our souls. Amen.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

The Crowning of Mary
We offer Thee, O Lord Jesus, this fifteenth decade in honor of the Coronation of Thy holy Mother, and we ask of Thee, through this Mystery and through her intercession, perseverance in grace and a crown of glory hereafter. Amen.

Our Father: The unattainable glory of God.
1 Timothy 6:13-16: I charge you before God Who quickens all things, and before Christ Jesus Who gave testimony under Pontius Pilate, a good confession: That you keep the commandment without spot, blameless, unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, which in His times He shall show, Who is the Blessed and only Mighty, the King of kings and Lord of lords: Who only has immortality and inhabits light inaccessible: Whom no man has seen, nor can see: to Whom be honor and empire everlasting. Amen.

1. Hail Mary: To honor the triple crown which Mary received from the Holy Trinity.
Ruth 2:12: The Lord render unto you for your work, and may you receive a full reward of the Lord the God of Israel, to Whom you have come, and under Whose wings you are fled.
Songs 4:8: Come from Libanus, my spouse, come from Libanus, come: you shall be crowned from the top of Amana, from the top of Sanir and Hermon, from the dens of the lions, from the mountains of the leopards.
2. Hail Mary: The joy and the added glory that Heaven received through her triumphant entry.
3. Hail Mary: To acknowledge her as Queen of Heaven and earth, of angels and men.
Psalm 45:10: The queen stood on Your right hand, in gilded clothing; surrounded with variety.
Revelation 12:1: And a great sign appeared in Heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
4. Hail Mary: As treasurer and dispenser of the graces of God, the merits of Jesus Christ and the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
Sirach 24:25-26: In me is all grace of the way and of the truth, in me is all hope of life and of virtue. Come over to me, all you that desire me, and be filled with my fruits.
5. Hail Mary: Mediatrix and advocate of men.
1 Kings 2:19-20: Then Bethsabee came to King Solomon, to speak to him for Adonias: and the king arose to meet her, and bowed to her, and sat down upon his throne: and a throne was set for the king's mother, and she sat on his right hand. And she said to him: "I desire one small petition of you; do not put me to confusion." And the king said to her: "My mother ask, for I must not turn away your face."
John 2:3: And the wine failing, the Mother of Jesus said to Him: "They have no wine."
James 5:16: For the continual prayer of a just man avails much.
6. Hail Mary: Exterminator and destroyer of the devil and of heresies.
Numbers 10:35: And when the ark was lifted up, Moses said: "Arise, O Lord, and let Your enemies be scattered, and let them that hate You, flee from before Your face."
Psalm 22:4: For though I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I will fear no evils, for you are with me. Your rod and your staff, they have comforted me.
Isaiah 11:1: And there shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a flower shall rise up out of his root.
7. Hail Mary: Safe refuge of sinners.
Genesis 7:8-9: And of beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of everything that moves upon the earth, two and two went in to Noah into the ark, male and female, as the Lord had commanded Noah.
Psalm 26:4-5: One thing I have asked of the Lord, this will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life. That I may see the delight of the Lord, and may visit His temple. For He has hidden me in His tabernacle; in the day of evils, He has protected me in the secret place of His tabernacle.
Jeremiah 8:14: Why do we sit still? Assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the fenced city, and let us be silent there: for the Lord our God has put us to silence, and has given us water of gall to drink: for we have sinned against the Lord.
8. Hail Mary: Nurturing Mother of sinners.
Sirach 24:17-31: I was exalted like a cedar in Libanus, and as a cypress tree on mount Zion. I was exalted like a palm tree in Cades, and as a rose plant in Jericho: As a fair olive tree in the plains, and as a plane tree by the water in the streets, was I exalted. I gave a sweet smell like cinnamon, and aromatical balm: I yielded a sweet odor like the best myrrh: And I perfumed my dwelling as storax, and galbanum, and onyx, and aloes, and as the frankincense not cut, and my odor is as the purest balm. I have stretched out my branches as the turpentine tree, and my branches are of honor and grace. As the vine I have brought forth a pleasant odor: and my flowers are the fruit of honor and riches. I am the mother of fair love, and of fear, and of knowledge, and of holy hope. In me is all grace of the way and of the truth, in me is all hope of life and of virtue. Come over to me, all you that desire me, and be filled with my fruits. For my spirit is sweet above honey, and my inheritance above honey and the honeycomb. My memory is unto everlasting generations. They that eat me, shall yet hunger: and they that drink me, shall yet thirst. He that hearkens to me, shall not be confounded: and they that work by me, shall not sin. They that explain me shall have life everlasting.
Songs 4:5: Your two breasts like two young roes that are twins, which feed among the lilies.
John 19:26-27: When Jesus therefore had seen His mother and the disciple standing whom He loved, He says to His mother: "Woman, behold your son." After that, He says to the disciple: "Behold your Mother." And from that hour, the disciple took her to his own.
9. Hail Mary: The joy and delight of the just.
Judith 15:10: And when she had come out to him, they all blessed her with one voice, saying: You are the glory of Jerusalem, you are the joy of Israel, you are the honor of our people:
Sirach 6:32: You shall put her on as a robe of glory, and you shall set her upon you as a crown of joy.10. Hail Mary: Refuge for all the living, all-powerful relief for the afflicted, for the dying and for the souls in Purgatory.
Songs 4:4: Your neck, is as the tower of David, which is built with bulwarks: a thousand bucklers hang upon it, all the armor of valiant men.
Sirach 6:29-31: For in the latter end you shall find rest in her, and she shall be turned to your joy. Then shall her fetters be a strong defense for you, and a firm foundation, and her chain a robe of glory: For in her is the beauty of life, and her bands are a healthful binding.

May the grace of the Mystery of the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin come down into our souls. Amen.

Glory be...
O my Jesus...

Hail, Holy Queen...
O God ...

†In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.