Wednesday, December 23, 2015

Popes, Saints, and Scholars on Savonarola

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I wish you a very Merry Christmas. May our Lord and our God bring you ever closer to Him as you celebrate His Nativity this year, and may He grant you and your family many more years to celebrate this sublime mystery together. Below I will present the statements of Popes (canonized or not), Saints/Blesseds/Venerables/Servants of God, and scholars on the Servant of God Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498),{1} with citations of primary sources when possible, as is customary here. How else is the reader supposed to accept an attribution as genuine? Let this blog be a sanctuary from the poisoned well of spurious or specious quotations from the popes, saints, and Fathers, which would carry great authority if only they were independently verifiable by the reader.

As often as possible, I will demonstrate biases of these sources. E.g., "Catholic,""Orthodox who was a disciple of Savonarola but upon Savonarola's death left the Catholic Church and composed writings against her," "Lutheran," "Modernist tendencies," "lifelong disciple of Savonarola," etc.

Notes
 {1}


Note on citations:
*"Ridolfi" always means Roberto Ridolfi, Vita di Girolamo Savonarola (Florence: Casa Editrice Le Lettere, 1997); the page number in parentheses is the page on which the footnote can be found.
*"Weinstein" always means Donald Weinstein, Savonarola: The Rise and Fall of a Renaissance Prophet (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), 310 <https://books.google.com/books?id=qUi52MYXnf4C>

Popes
Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01289a.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_VI
*
* -- Richard Robert Madden, The Life and Martyrdom of Savonarola: Illustrative of the Church and State Connexion, vol. 2 (London: Thomas Cautley Newby, 1858), 131 <https://books.google.com/books?id=PcFvpYEmDxIC&pg=P131#v=onepage&q&f=false>


Pope Julius II (1503-1513)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08562a.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Julius_II


Pope Leo X (1513-1521)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Leo_X
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09162a.htm
*Negative towards Savonarola in Ridolfi 239 n. 52 (386); 296 English
*Re-examined/re-considered in Ridolfi 239 n. 54 (386); 297 English


Pope St. Pius V, O.P. (1566-1572)
*Ridolfi 247 n. 89 (389): SCHNITZER, loc. cit. [vol. II, p. 450 as per n. 86 on 389]; 306 English: defended Savonarola to Pope Paul IV
*

Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605)
*Ridolfi 250 n. 106 (391) 310 English:
*Weinstein
*Capecelatro 254
Pope St. Pius X (r. 1903-1914; August 21 feast)
*

Pope Pius XI (r. 1922-1939)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_XI
*

Ven. Pope Pius XII (r. 1939-1958)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_XII
*

Saints
Note 10/16/2016: Hoping to cite many more examples from Joseph Schnitzer (1859-1939), Savonarola: Ein Kulturbid aus der Zeit der Renaissance, vol. 2 (Verlag von Ernst Reinhardt: Munich, 1924), 880-992 (PDF pages 312-430) <http://digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:hbz:061:1-72751>. Note of caution: Joseph Schnitzer was disciplined for Modernism in 1908; I pray he died free of Modernism and in the odor of sanctity (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Schnitzer).

St. Francis of Paola, O.M. (1416-1507; April 2 feast)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06231a.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Paola
*

St. John Cardinal Fisher, Martyr (1469-1535; June 22 feast)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08462b.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Fisher
*Against Savonarola: https://books.google.com/books?id=X30LAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA240 *Agnostic stance: http://www.st-johnfisher.medway.sch.uk/catholic_ethos/reviews/st_john_fisher-bishop_and_theologian.html
*Dissertation by Richard Rex: https://books.google.com/books?id=oOk8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA18 and https://books.google.com/books?id=oOk8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA21; original at http://www.amazon.com/The-Theology-John-Fisher-Richard/dp/0521391776
-Richard Robert Madden, The Life and Martyrdom of Savonarola: Illustrative of the Church and State Connexion, vol. 2 (London: Thomas Cautley Newby, 1858), 139-140 <https://books.google.com/books?id=PcFvpYEmDxIC&pg=P139#v=onepage&q&f=false>

St. Luigi Orione of Italy, F.D.P. (1872-1940; March 12 feast)

*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Orione
*http://www.vatican.va/news_services/liturgy/saints/ns_lit_doc_20040516_orione_en.html


Blesseds
Bl. Sebastian Maggi, O.P., who predeceased Savonarola (1414-1496; December 16 feast)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_Maggi

Bl. Columba of Rieti (1467-1501; May 20 feast)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04121a.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columba_of_Rieti

Bl. Stefana Quizani, T.O.S.D. (1457-1530; January 3 feast)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephana_de_Quinzanis
*


Bl. Catherine Mattei of Racconigi, T.O.S.D. (1486-1574; September 4 feast) 
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_of_Racconigi
*Capecelatro 254


Bl. Maria Bagnesi, T.O.S.D. (1514-1577; May 28 feast)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Bagnesi
*

Bl. John Juvenal Ancina, C.O. (1545-1604; August 30 feast)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Juvenal_Ancina

Bl. Pier Giorgio Frassati of Turin, T.O.S.D. (1901-1925; July 4 feast)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pier_Giorgio_Frassati
*"Fondness for the epistles of St. Paul sparked his zeal for fraternal charity, and the fiery sermons of the Renaissance preacher and reformer Girolamo Savonarola and the writings of St. Catherine impelled him in 1922 to join the Lay Dominicans (Third Order of St. Dominic). He chose the name Girolamo after his personal hero, Savonarola. 'I am a fervent admirer of this friar, who died as a saint at the stake,' he wrote to a friend." -- <http://frassatiusa.org/frassati-biography>


Venerables

Servants of God
Servant of God Giorgio La Pira of Florence (1904-1977)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_La_Pira
* -- Weinstein 310
* -- Marcello Garzaniti and Maria Lucia Tonini, eds., Giorgio La Pira e La Russia (Taylor and Francis, 2005), 286 <https://books.google.com/books?id=1mVHXWSrdLUC&pg=PA286>


Mystics
Arcangela Panigarola (1468-1525)
*http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/margherita-panigarola_(Dizionario-Biografico)/
*It is said that her guardian angel and Pope St. Gregory I the Great revealed to her that Girolamo Savonarola is a saint -- Tamar Herzig, Savonarola's Women: Visions and Reform in Renaissance Italy (University of Chicago Press, 2008), 162-163 with n. 50 on 276 citing Gian Antonio Bellotti et al., La legenda dela Ven[eran]da Vergine [s]uor Archangela Panigarola p[ri]ora et Matre de Milano del'Ordine de S[an]to Augustino sotto regulare observantia, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Sez. O, no. 165, Sup., fols. 174v-175v <https://books.google.com/books?id=aJRzeu8wUPQC&pg=162#v=onepage&q&f=false>

Scholars
Richard Robbert Madden (1798-1886)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Robert_Madden
*"But St. Catherine might have said, if obedience permitted an humble, holy woman to speak to a high, and perhaps at times unreasoning or unreasonable, superior:-- "though this friar was accused of heresy, and condemned of it, he never admitted that he had committed any such crime; and yet the Pope's commissary absolved him plenarily, and he confessed and received the sacrament immediately before he died.  And even had he fallen into heresy, having been thus absolved, and apparently worthily frequenting the sacraments, why may not the repentant father be a saint in heaven ?" -- The Life and Martyrdom of Savonarola: Illustrative of the Church and State Connexion, vol. 2 (London: Thomas Cautley Newby, 1858), 130 <https://books.google.com/books?id=PcFvpYEmDxIC&pg=P130#v=onepage&q&f=false&gt

Paolo Luotto (1855-1897)
*Il vero Savonarola e il Savonarola di L. Pastor (Florence: Successori le Monnier, 1897), ### <https://archive.org/details/ilverosavonarola00luot>

James Louis O'Neil, O.P. ()
*"In heavenly glory we believe that he enjoys the beatific vision; for, mindful of the saints who sinned and repented, and applying to him the oft-quoted words of St. Augustine touching St. Cyprian, "If he had faults wherewith to reproach himself regarding his conduct to the Pope, he has fully expiated them by his glorious martyrdom," we may claim that blood and fire washed away whatever stain may have tarnished a career so pure and illustrious." -- Jerome Savonarola, A Sketch (Boston: Marlier, Callanan, & Co., 1898), 187 <https://ia800504.us.archive.org/30/items/jeromesavonarola00oneiuoft/jeromesavonarola00oneiuoft.pdf>

Alfonso Cardinal Capecelatro (1824-1912)
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/16017a.htm
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_Capecelatro
*"Waving the testimony of his other writings, in his Trionfo della Fede Cristiana1
he speaks of the Primacy of the Pope in words which might have been used by S. Jerome or S. Peter Damian, the two saints whom he most resembles. On every doctrine of the faith, and especially on this, which is the very touchstone of Catholic teaching, the great Dominican is fully and unequivocally orthodox. And thus if, to the unspotted purity of his faith, the holiness of his life, and his burning zeal for the glory of God,
he had added a full and sincere obedience to Pope Alexander VI.,-for whatever the faults of his private life, this Pope was still the Vicar of Christ-he might have been deemed worthy to be ranked with the two saints just mentioned. In many respects he shed lustre on Christianity, although at the close of his life his great light was dimmed by an act of disobedience to the Pope, which we must frankly and unconditionally condemn. Many reasons indeed, which it is beside my purpose to exan1ine, may have extenuated his error of judgment and his fault of conduct; it is a greater consolation to me to believe that his violent death, accepted with a resignation so perfect, and comforted with the sacraments and indulgences of our Mother the Church, effaced from his soul the stain with which an intemperate zeal and the counsels of injudicious friends had disfigured it. I have no hesitation in affirming that Savonarola would have been incomparably greater than he was, if, in the last year of his life, he had been humbly obedient. We do not free him from this guilt by contrasting his holy and lofty character with that of Alexander VI.1 Far better is it to admit at once the sin of Savonarola, if we also remember the piety and the fortitude with which he expiated it in his death. Nor should we forget his fair and unblemished life, nor the rectitude and purity of his intentions. And hence it is that many holy men, and many great Popes, have held his memory in honour, and that S. Philip treasured his portrait, loved his teaching, and in some things followed his example." -- The Life of St. Philip Neri, Apostle of Rome, vol. 1, 2nd ed. (New York: Benziger Brothers, 1894), 255-257 <https://ia800203.us.archive.org/6/items/a549672601capeuoft/a549672601capeuoft.pdf>

Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. (1918-2008)
*"... the great Dominican preacher Girolamo Savonarola wrote at Florence, in 1497, an exceptionally attractive and balanced apologetical treatise. Entitled The Triumph of the Cross ..." -- A History of Apologetics (San Francisco, Ignatius Press, 2005), 141
*"This orderly and well-written book contains nothing that would lead one to expect that its author would be burned at the stake a year later, with charges of heresy against him. While manifesting himself as a champion of moral reform, Savonarola is intent on showing his complete orthodoxy, as he indicates in a letter of May 20, 1497, to Pope Alexander VI.125 His doctrine on nearly every point is that of Thomas Aquinas..." -- ibid., 142
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery_Dulles

*http://www.vatican.va/jubilee_2000/pilgrim/documents/ju_gp_05052000-6_it.html

Artists
Raphael: Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (1483-1520)
*https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael
*http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12640c.htm
*

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564)
*Contemplated Savonarola's words -- Ascanio Condivi, Vita di Michelangelo (Florence, Rinascimenti del Libro, 1926), 98 in Ridolfi 237 n. 38 (385); 294 English

*<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelangelo>
*<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03059b.htm>






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