Monday, February 21, 2011

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints (Dictionnaire de Spiritualité)

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The Dictionnaire de Spiritualité puts (SAINT) or (SAINTE) next to the name of men and women who are recognized as saints by the Catholic Church.

Column numbers of the 1995 Tables Generales are in parentheses.

The (SAINT) label is absent for the following:
*Alexis Stefanovich [†1781] (16)
*Andrew of Mechtchovsk [†1812] (27)
*Andrew of Totma [†1673] (27)
*Anthony Alexeivich of Zadonsk [†1851] (33)
*anti-Catholic Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople [†1310] (46; mentioned in VIII:1362)
*Athanasius of Paros (46; mentioned in X:11)
*Basil the Blessed of Moscow [†1551] (60)
*anti-Catholic Patriarch Callistus I of Constantinople [1350-1354, 1355-1363] (97; mentioned in XII:1342)
*Metropolitan Cyprian of Kiev and Moscow [†1406] (149; mentioned in XIII:1163)
*Cyprian of Suzdal [†1662] (150; mentioned in V:759)
*Cyril of Belozersk [†1427] (150; mentioned in V:758)
*Metropolitan Daniel of Moscow [r. 1522-1539; †1547] (152; mentioned in XIII:1168)
*Euphemius Popop the Fool-for-Christ [†1860] (206)
*Metropolitan Eustathius of Thessalonica [†1194] (207; article by Jean Darrouzes in IV:1712-1714)
*Patriarch Euthymius of Tarnovo [1325-1400] (202; article by Jean Darrouzes in IV:1724-1725)
*ex-Catholic Patriarch Gennadius II Scholarius of Constantinople [r. 1453-1456, 1458, 1462-1463, 1464; †1472] (252; article by Jean Darrouzes in VI:209-211)
*George the Fool-for-Christ of Shenkursk (253; mentioned in V:759)
*Monk George of the Caves of Zarub (253; mentioned in XIII:1151)
*George Zatvornik the Recluse [†1836] (254)
*anti-Catholic Patriarch Germanus II of Constantinople [†1240] (256; article by Jean Darrouzes in VI:311)
*Metropolitan Hilarion of Kiev [1051-1055] (300; mentioned in XIII:1147)
*ex-Catholic Isidore of Rostov [†1474] (327)
Editor: Cf. Acta Sanctorum 10:XI:128 (164.
*James Borovichi the Fool-for-Christ of Novgorod [†1540] (727; mentioned in V:759)
*anti-Catholic John of Ephesus [†1455] (348)
*anti-Catholic John of Kronstadt [1829-1908] (339; article by François Rouleau in VIII:447-449)
*John Mauropos (352)
*John the Fool-for-Christ of Moscow [†1589] (344)
*John the Hairy of Rostov [†1580] (354)
*John Salos [†1490] (353)
*anti-Catholic Leo of Ochrid [†1055-1056] (400; article by Daniel Stiernon in IX:623-625)
*Leontius of Jerusalem [1176-1184/1185] (402; article by Daniel Stiernon in IX:664-666)
*anti-Catholic Mark of Ephesus [1392-1445] (431; article by Daniel Stiernon in X:267-272)
*ex-Catholic Maximus the Greek [1470-1556] (454; article by Daniel Stiernon in X:847-851)
*Michael of Klops [†1453] (467; mentioned in V:759)
*Nicholas of Pskov (497)
*anti-Catholic Nicodemus the Hagiorite [1749-1809] (495; article by Daniel Stiernon in XI:234-250)
*Paisius Velichkovsky [1722-1794] (519; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:40),
*Peter of Damascus [†12th c.] (552)
*Philaret of Moscow [1782-1867] (546; article by Jan Krajcar in XII:1277-1279)
*Philip the Solitary [†1105] (547; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:1323-1325)
*anti-Catholic Patriarch Philotheus Coccinus of Constantinople [r. 1353-1354, 1364-1376; †1377] (548; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:1389-1392)
*anti-Catholic Theophan the Recluse [1815-1894] (671; article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XV:517-522): in the New Catholic Encyclopedia XIV:911, G. A. Maloney says: "Except for a few doctrinal errors inherited from his Protestant–tinged professors, his general teaching is quite acceptable to Catholics... As to the dogmatic teachings of the church and his view of Rome in general, he repeated the prejudices of his environment. To him, the Catholic church was just another sect terrorized by the Inquisition and a despotic pope who attributed to himself divine qualities. Zatvornik's works are thoroughly patristic in character. They contain the best traditional Orthodox teaching on the spiritual life and are, for the most part, also in harmony with the teachings of the Catholic Church."
*Metropolitan Theophylact [?] of Kiev (672; mentioned in XIII:1145)
*anti-Catholic Theophylact of Ochrid (672; article by Gerhard Podskalsky in XV:542-546)
*Xenia the Fool-for-Christ of St. Petersburg [†1803] (727; mentioned in V:759)

The official, public ecclesiastical veneration of saints who were known to have written against the teachings of the Catholic Church presupposes the moral (but not necessarily historical) certainty that these persons died after being received formally into the Catholic Church or explicitly desiring to enter the Catholic Church; for example, St. Gregory Palamas of Thessalonica (1296-1359), canonized by the Orthodox Church in 1368 and officially accepted as a saint by the Catholic Church in 1973. See Huysman, Will R. "False Ecumenism." The Banana Republican. 8 Dec. 2010. 21 Feb. 2011 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2010/12/false-ecumenism.html>.

Even though Photius the Great (549; article by Pélopidas Stephanou in XII:1397-1408), Gregory Palamas of Thessalonica [1296-1359] (520; article by Fr. John Meyendorff in XII:81-107), Anthony of Kiev [983-1073] (34; mentioned in VI:966), Theodosius of Kiev [†1074] (669; mentioned in XIII:1146,1148 and not identified with Theodosius Pechersky in 670; X:1592), and Cyril of Turov [1130-1182] (150; mentioned in XIII:1150,1157) are all apparently Catholic saints, they are not labeled as such in the 1995 TG of DS.

The following are labeled as saints in the 1995 Tables Generales:
*Metropolitan Alexis of Moscow [r. 1354-1378] (15) - omitted from Russian Catholic Liturgy in 1940
*St. Euphrosyne of Polotsk (April 26) [†1173] (187; mentioned in XIII:1148)
*Bishop Euthymius of Novgorod [1396-1458] (207; mentioned in XIV:200)
*George the Hagiorite [†1065] (254; article by John Kirchmeyer in VI:240-242)
*Germanus the Hagiorite a.k.a. George Maroules of Thessalonica [†1336] (256; mentioned in XII:1391)
*Joseph of Volokolamsk (Possessor) [1440-9/9/1515] (364)
Editor: Not labeled as Catholic saint in article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in VIII:1408-1411. The Acta Sanctorum for September 9, from the year 1750, says [9:III:326D (398)]: "Josephus hegumenus hodie occurrit in Synaxario Ruthenorum, quod nobis Latinum fecit Georgius David S.J. Verum in nullis aliis Fastis eumdem invenio, nec mihi conflat de fide ejus Catholica." Cf. AASS 10:XI:220 (256) from the year 1864.
*St. Leontius of Rostov (May 23) [†1077] (402; mentioned in XIII:1148,1154) - Russian Catholics invoke him in the prothesis of the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
*Maximus the Hut-Dweller [†1365] (454; article in V:757)
*St. Nicetas of Pereyaslavl (May 24) [†1186] (494)
*Nil Sorsky (Non-Possessor) [1433-1508] (500)
*Metropolitan Peter of Moscow [†1326] (551; mentioned in XIII:1163) - omitted from Russian Catholic Liturgy in 1940
Editor: Peter (r. 1308-1326) in communion with Rome for a while according to Andrew Shipman, but then became Orthodox in 1324 at the latest, according to Bollandist Fr. John Stilting, S.J.
*anti-Catholic Seraphim of Sarov [1759-1833] (636)
Editor: Not labeled as Catholic saint in article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XIV:632-636.
*St. Sergius of Radonezh (September 25) [1314-1392] (637) - also in Roman Martyrology September 25
*St. Stephen of Perm (April 26) [1340-1396] (203; mentioned in XIV:200) - also in Roman Martyrology April 26
*Tikhon of Zadonsk [1724-1783] (680)
Editor: Not labeled as Catholic saint in article Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XV:960-964.

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