Sunday, July 18, 2010

Can the Church Declare that Anyone is Damned?

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell, and lead all souls to Heaven, especially those most in need of Thy mercy. Amen.

Can Holy Mother Church define that anyone is damned? Must we answer in the affirmative based on the below?

The Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople III) declared in the Thirteenth Session (March 28, 681), "And in addition to these we decide that Honorius also, who was Pope of Elder Rome, be with them cast out of the Holy Church of God, and be anathematized with them, because we have found by his letter to Sergius that he followed his opinion in all things and confirmed his wicked dogmas."{1} Since the Sixth Council, with papal approbation,{2} declared the long-deceased Honorius to be excommunicated for imposing silence and legitimizing the "one will" expression instead of making use of his prerogative to infallibly define the dogma that Christ has two wills,{3} does this mean that Pope Honorius I of Rome is not a member of the Church Triumphant?
The holy{4} Pope Martin V of Rome approved the May 4, 1415 declaration of the Holy Fathers at Constance,{5} thus making the following definition a part of the 16th Ecumenical Council, the Council of Constance:
This holy synod, therefore, at the instance of the procurator-fiscal and since a decree was issued to the effect that sentence should be heard on this day, declares, defines and decrees that the said John Wyclif was a notorious and obstinate heretic who died in heresy, and it anathematizes him and condemns his memory. It decrees and orders that his body and bones are to be exhumed, if they can be identified among the corpses of the faithful, and to be scattered far from a burial place of the church, in accordance with canonical and lawful sanctions.{6}
Notes & References
{1} Shahan, Thomas. "Third Council of Constantinople." The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 18 Jul. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04310a.htm>.
{2} Ibid.
{3} Huysman, Will R. "Enough About Honorius." The Banana Republican. 3 Sep. 2008. 18 Jul. 2010 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2008/09/enough-about-honorius.html>.
{4} Brusher, Fr. Joseph, S.J. "Martin V." Popes Throughout the Ages. 18 Jul. 2010 <http://cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/POPEp204.htm#T1>.
{5} http://www.papalencyclicals.net/Councils/ecum16.htm.
{6} Shahan, Thomas. "Council of Constance." The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 18 Jul. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04288a.htm>.

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