Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Pope Leo VI of Rome

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The 122nd successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was the upper-class{1} Roman-born{2} Pope Leo VI of Rome, son of Christopher, who was "primicerius under John VIII."{3} After the unjustly deposed and imprisoned Pope John X, a holy pontiff,{4} died of grief{5} in Castello Sant'Angelo in Rome{6} in June 928,{7} the Romans, probably under the influence of Marozia,{8} elected the aged{9} Leo, who was cardinal priest in the church of St. Susanna.{10} Leo VI governed the universal Church without tyranny{11} for seven months and five days,{12} from June 928 to January 929,{13} when he reposed peacefully in the Lord.{14} As pope, he ordered Bishops Formine of Zara, Gregory of Nona, and other Dalmatian and Croatian bishops to obey Archbishop John of Spalato, "to whom he had" given "the pallium."{15} He ordered the bishops of Arba, Lošinj, and Ragusa (Dubrovnik) to accept the territorial limits "of their respective dioceses," and commanded them to let the Croatian bishop Gregory govern the see of Skradin.{16} The grave of Pope Leo VI "in the pavement of the portico of the Vatican basilica ... was destroyed during the demolition of the old basilica and the construction of the new one in the 16th and 17th centuries."{17}

O just shepherd Pope Leo VI, pray for all us poor sinners and pray especially for the Holy Father and his successors, that they may govern the Church wisely and ably like you did. Amen. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner. Amen.
Notes & References
{1} Kelly, J.N.D. "Leo VI." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, with new material by Michael Walsh. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Fordham University. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e138>.
{2} Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages, vol. IV. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1910. <http://www.archive.org/details/livesofpopesinea04mannuoft>. p. 188.
{3} Ibid.
{4} Ibid., pp. 186-187.
{5} According to Frodoard of Rheims. Ibid., p. 163. I will elaborate on this in my future post on Pope John X of Rome (3/914-6/928).
{6} Kelly, "John X." Op. cit. Oxford Reference Online. Fordham University. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e137>
{7} a. Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope John X." The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08425b.htm>.
b. Brusher, Fr. Joseph, S.J. "Leo VI." Popes Through the Ages. 16 Jun. 2010 <http://cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/POPEp124.htm#T1>.
{8} Mann IV:188.
{9} Kelly, "Leo VI."
{10} Ibid.
{11} According to Ptolemy of Lucca (†1327); qtd. in Mann IV:188.
{12} Jaffé, Philippe. "Leo VI." Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia: ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. 1. Brussels, 1855. <http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/04z/z_1851-1851__Jaffe_P__Regesta_Pontificum_Romanorum_Vol_1__LT.pdf.html> p. 313.
{13} According to Annuario Pontificio 2009, p. 12, qtd. in Miranda, Salvador. "Leone (?-928/929)." 16 Jun. 2010 <http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/biosunknowndate914-928.htm#Leone>.
{14} According to Ptolemy of Lucca; qtd. in Mann IV:188.
{15} Miranda, loc. cit.
{16} Ibid.
{17} Ibid.

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