Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Pope Leo V of Rome

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The 117th successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was Pope Leo V of Rome, who had been a parish priest in his native Priapi in the district of Ardea.{1} Pope Stephen VI (5/22/896-8/897) had made him a cardinal priest in 897.{2} The holy{3} pro-Formosan{4} Leo V was pope for 30 days, from August 903 until September 903,{5} when cardinal priest Christopher overthrew and imprisoned him and became antipope.{6} During his pontificate, Leo V promulgated a bull that exempted the canons of Bologna from paying taxes,{7} and maybe confirmed the privileges of the monastery of Reichenau,{8} and he might have confirmed archbishop Andrea da Carcano of Milan in his see.{9} After he died in prison{10} in September 903,{11} the unjustly deposed Pope Leo V was interred in the Lateran basilica.{12}
Notes & References
{1} Mann, Rev. Fr. Horace Kinder. The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages, vol. IV. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1910. <>. p. 111.
{2} "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. es cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles." Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926, p. 155, no. 1. Qtd. in Miranda, Salvador. "Leone." The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 16 Jun. 2010 <>. The French source says 898, but this is a typo.
{3} Auxilius says that "he was a man of God and of praiseworthy life and holiness." Qtd. in Mann IV:112.
{4} Herbers, Klaus. "LEO V." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 16 Jun. 2010 <>.
{5} Jaffé, Philippe. "Leo V." Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia: ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. 1. Brussels, 1855. <> p. 306.
{6} Savage, P. M. "Christopher, Antipope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 562. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 16 Jun. 2010.
{7} Mann IV:112.
{8} Herbers, loc. cit.
{9} Ibid.
{10} Mann IV:116. On the page before, Rev. Fr. Mann refutes the calumny of Vulgarius that the much-maligned Pope Sergius III (904-911) had Pope Leo V and Antipope Christopher strangled in prison. Yet J.N.D. Kelly, Wendy Reardon, and the learned Salvador Miranda (as of 6/16/2010) accept this false charge as true.
{11} Blum, O. J. "Leo V, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 8, 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. p. 483. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 16 Jun. 2010.
{12} Miranda, loc. cit.

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