Thursday, January 14, 2010

Pope St. Pius I of Rome

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The ninth successor of the glorious martyr St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, was Pope St. Pius I of Rome, born in Aquileia{1} to Rufinus of Aquileia.{2} St. Pius I, who was the brother of the holy ex-slave Hermas, author of The Shepherd,{3} ruled from 142{4} until his death from natural causes{5} in 155.{6} The holy pontiff, who knew the Church Father St. Justin Martyr{7} and presided over a council of priests that excommunicated the heretic Marcion in July 144,{8} was buried at an unknown location.{9} His feast day is July 11.{10}

O great and righteous pope St. Pius I of Rome, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death, that we might follow your virtuous example and die in the odor of sanctity. Amen. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.
Notes & References
{1} a. According to the Liber Pontificalis. Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Pius I." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 14 Jan. 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm>.
b. Kirsch, however, states this probably a conjecture based on the author's knowledge of Rufinus of Aquileia († end of 4th century). Ibid.
{2} a. According to the Liber Pontificalis. Ibid.
b. Kirsch, however, states this probably a conjecture based on the author's knowledge of Rufinus of Aquileia († end of 4th century). Ibid.
{3} According to the ancient Muratorian Canon. "Pius I, St." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. J. N. D. Kelly. with new material by Michael Walsh. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Fordham University. 9 January 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e10>.
{4} According to the Church Doctor Hieromonk St. Jerome the Great of Strido (9/30 in the West; 6/15 in the East) and the Church historian Eusebius of Caesarea. Weltin, E. G. "Pius I, Pope, St." New Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 368. 15 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 9 Jan. 2010.
{5} No one called him a martyr until Ado of Vienne in 858. Kelly, loc. cit.
{6} Ibid.
{7} Ibid.
{8} Ibid.
{9} Modern excavations disprove the myth that he was buried next to St. Peter in the Vatican. Weltin, loc. cit.
{10} Ibid.

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