Sunday, January 10, 2010

Pope St. Evaristus of Rome

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The fourth successor to the glorious martyr St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, was Pope St. Evaristus of Rome, who governed the universal Church from 97 to 105.{2} He was a Greek{2} who may have been from Antioch{3} and whose father may have been a Bethlehem Jew.{4} His pontifical activities{5} and place of burial are unknown.{6} There is no proof that St. Evaristus, whose feast day is on October 27,{7} was martyred.{8}

Righteous St. Evaristus, who was found worthy to shepherd the faithful from the chair of St. Peter, pray for us now and at the hour of our death, that we might be worthy to join you in the Kingdom of Heaven. Amen. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.
Notes & References
{1} "Chronological List of Popes." The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, 1st. ed. Ed. Philippe Levillian, John W. O'Malley. Routledge, 2002. Religion Online. Taylor & Francis. 26 Jun. 2010 <http://www.routledgereligiononline.com:80/Book.aspx?id=w064_w064c1>.
{2} This statement of the sixth-century edition of the Liber Pontificalis agrees with the very name of the holy pope. "Evaristus, St." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. J. N. D. Kelly. with new material by Michael Walsh. Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Fordham University. 10 Jan. 2010 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t99.e5>.
{3} a. According to the sixth-century edition of the Liber Pontificalis. Weltin, E. G. "Evaristus, Pope, St." New Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 482. 15 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Fordham University Libraries. 8 Dec. 2009.
b. J. N. D. Kelly, however, rejects this detail as "historically valueless." Kelly, loc. cit.
{4} a. According to the sixth-century edition of the Liber Pontificalis. Weltin, loc. cit.
b. J. N. D. Kelly, however, rejects this detail as "historically valueless." Kelly, loc. cit.
{5} "Evaristus, St." The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Ibid.
{6} Modern excavations have disproved the myth that St. Evaristus was buried next to St. Peter. Weltin, loc. cit.
{7} Roman Martyrology for October 27.
{8} Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Evaristus." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 8 Dec. 2009 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05646a.htm>.

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