Monday, November 02, 2009

Timeline of Clerical Celibacy

300 Canon 33 of the Local Council of Elvira says, "We decree that all bishops, priests, deacons, and all clerics engaged in the ministry are forbidden entirely to live with their wives and to beget children: whoever shall do so will be deposed from the clerical dignity" [Mansi ii:11].

325 At the First Ecumenical Council (Nicaea I), Bishop St. Hosius the Confessor of Córdoba tries to have the council decree mandatory clerical celibacy, but the Council sides with Bishop St. Paphnutius the Confessor of Thebes (September 11), who says that celibacy should be a matter of the priest's personal discretion.

330 St. Gregory the Theologian (January 2) born to Bishop St. Gregory the Elder of Nazianzus.

345 Canon 4 of the Local Council of Gangra condemns those who refuse to attend liturgies celebrated by married priests [Mansi ii:1101].

386 The Local Council of Rome under Pope St. Siricius (November 26) prohibits priests and deacons from having marital intercourse with their wives. Pope St. Siricius takes measures to enforce the conciliar decree in Spain and other Christian kingdoms [PL 56:558,728].

400 The Apostolic Constitutions excommunicate a priest or bishop who leaves his wife "under pretence of piety" [Mansi i:151].

409 Bishop Synesius of Ptolemais is allowed to continue to live the married life with his wife [PG 66:1485].

441 Canon 22 of the Local Council of Orange requires married candidates for the priesthood to vow continence.

450 Canon 2 of the Local Council of Arles requires married candidates for the priesthood to vow continence.

524 Canon 2 of the Local Council of Arles requires married candidates for the priesthood to vow continence.

537 Canon 6 of the Local Council of Orléans requires married candidates for the priesthood to vow continence.

557 Canon 20 of the Local Council of Tours calls Nicolaites those married clerics who do not follow precautions for chastity (e.g., sleeping alone, or having someone else sleep in the room)

663 The Local Council of Toledo IV under the Church Doctor Archbishop St. Isidore of Seville (April 4) requires married candidates for the priesthood and diaconate to vow continence.

692 The Council of Trullo declares that bishops must be celibate, but that all other clerics married before ordination could exercise marital rights, except on certain occasions.

747 Pope St. Zachary of Rome (March 15) leaves each locality to maintain its own traditions regarding whether the members clergy could have conjugal intercourse with their wives.

816

952 The Local Council of Augsburg mandates clerical celibacy.

994 The Local Council of Anse mandates clerical celibacy.

1000 The Local Council of Poitiers mandates clerical celibacy.

1018 Pope Benedict VIII of Rome imposes severe penalties on priests, deacons, and subdeacons who marry or cohabit with a woman.

1059 Pope Nicholas II of Rome prohibits married priests from performing liturgical acts of worship, and prohibits the laity from attending Mass celebrated by a married priest or a priest living in concubinage.

1063 The Local Council of Rouen lets rural clergy keep their wives because effect interference seems hopeless.

1064 The Local Council of Liseux lets rural clergy keep their wives because effect interference seems hopeless.

1072 The Local Council of Rouen lets rural clergy keep their wives because effect interference seems hopeless.

1075 Pope St. Gregory VII of Rome (May 25)

1076 The Local Council of Winchester under Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury lets rural clergy keep their wives because effect interference seems hopeless.

1079 Pope St. Gregory VII of Rome condemns the 1060 pamphlet of Bishop of Ulric of Imola, which argued against the pro-celibacy arguments of St. Peter Damian (Doctor).

1123 The Ninth Ecumenical Council (Lateran I) under Pope Callistus II of Rome declares clerical marriages invalid.

1139 The 10th Ecumenical Council (Lateran II) under Pope Innocent II of Rome declares clerical marriages invalid.

1742 On 5/26, Pope Benedict XIV of Rome

1888 The Syriac Catholic Church mandates priestly celibacy, except for converts from Orthodoxy.

1899 The Coptic Catholic Church mandates priestly celibacy, except for converts from Orthodoxy.

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