Saturday, November 21, 2009

Cappadocian Theology Final Paper Outline

1. Introduction

2. St. Basil the Great biographical info
a. ecclesiastical career
b. St. Gregory the Theologian and the Holy Spirit as God
c. one of the three Holy Hierarchs
3. St. Basil's understanding of "cause" and Letter to St. Gregory of Nyssa [PG 32:329BC] (Jugie 147-148 & Gill 201)
4. The Holy Spirit is from the Father and not from elsewhere (Gill 195-196)
5. The Cappadocian Principle and St. Photios
a. St. Basil the Great, Letter 214:4 [PG 32:789]
6. book On the Holy Spirit (Jugie 147-148)
7. statement in Against Eunomius 3:1
8. controversy at Council of Florence over whether passage is genuine (Gill 199-200)
9. arguments that passage is genuine
a. parchment of Nicholas de Cusa from 600 years prior to Council of Florence (Pusey 121 n. x)
b. five out of six codices brought by Bessarion's countrymen had passage (Parsons 139)
c. Bessarion's thorough examination of ancient manuscripts in Constantinopolitan monasteries (Gill 223-224)
d. codex from 350 years prior to Council of Florence had passage poorly erased but still visible, and another old codex had passage covered with ink (Gill 224)
e. ancient codex brought by John of Montenero from Metropolitan Dorotheus of Mitylene (Gill 203)
f. Bessarion on witnesses to passage in centuries before (Gill 224 n. 1)
g. absurdity of Latin writing & neatly inserting stereotypically Greek phrases (Gill 224 n. 1)
h. St. Basil's very argument presupposes the truth of the words in the passage (Bardenhewer 282, Gill 204)

10. St. Gregory the Theologian biographical info
a. ecclesiastical career
b. one of the three Holy Hierarchs
11. Oration 29:2 [PG 36:76B]
a. does not mean that the Father is the sole spirator of the Holy Spirit (Jugie 164)
12. Oration 34:10 [PG 36:252A]
a. the Father as the sole cause
b. interpretation of Mark of Ephesus
c. causality means, according to variant manuscripts and in the context of Oration 41:9 [PG 36:441C], ingenerateness (Jugie 165)
d. paternity implies being the Father of the Son, not being the sole spirator of the Holy Spirit
13. Oration 31:31-32 [PG 36:169B]
a. the eye, fountain, and river
b. the sun, ray, and light
c. interpretation of Gregory of Cyprus
14. Oration 31:4 [PG 36:137A]
a. vague allusion to dependence of the Holy Spirit on the Son in the Trinitarian taxis (Jugie 162-163)
15. Oration 31:8 [PG 36:141B]
a. Holy Spirit is the medium between the Father and the Son
b. therefore He proceeds from both (Jugie 163 n. 2)
16. Oration 31:9 [PG 36:141C]
a. persons distinguished in the manifestations, or relations to one another
b. must be a relation between the Son and the Holy Spirit to distinguish them (Jugie 163)
c. this relation can only be one of origin
d. Son does not proceed from Holy Spirit, so Holy Spirit proceeds from Son
17. Oration 42:15 [PG 36:476AB]
a. St. Gregory does not deny that the Son, even though He is caused, spirates the Holy Spirit (Jugie 161)
b. The Father is ἅναρχος, the Son is ἀρχὴ, and the Holy Spirit is τὸ µετὰ τῆς ἀρχῆς
c. implies relation between the Holy Spirit and the Son the relation of One Who proceeds and One From Whom He proceeds (Bardenhewer 292)
18. Oration 31:2 [PG 36:136A]
a. Holy Spirit composed of both (ἐξ μφοῖν συνημμένον)
b. therefore, Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son (Bardenhewer 292)

19. St. Gregory of Nyssa biographical info
a. ecclesiastical career
20. Third Sermon on the Lord's Prayer
a. property of the Holy Spirit is that He is from the Father and the Son
b. arguments for "from the Son" vs. "of the Son" (Jugie 160)
21. To Ablabius on Not Three Gods [PG 45:133BC]
a. mediation of Son necessary to distinguish Son from Holy Spirit
b. St. Gregory's understanding of cause
22. Against the Macedonians on the Holy Spirit 6 [PG 45:1308AB]
a. the Father and Son are the one principle of the Holy Spirit because they are the one flame from which the third torch is kindled
b. the meaning of this mediation: the Son, together with the Father, gives existence to the Holy Spirit
23. Against Eunomius 1 in PG 45:464BC

24. Conclusion
a. Meaning of Filioque (Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity)
b. St. Basil the Great
c. St. Gregory the Theologian
d. St. Gregory of Nyssa
e. absurdity of incompatibility of Cappadocian Triadology with unanimous consent of Latin Fathers; there can be no contradiction in this crucial teaching between the Eastern and Western Fathers who were inspired by the one Spirit of Truth

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