Monday, August 17, 2009

Person, Hypostasis, & Nature

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Person - Who is doing it?
A complete rational substance, subsisting per se, existing apart from others [Summa Theologica III, q. 16, art. 12, ad 2].
Greek: προσώπω
Latin: persona
Syriac: parsôpâ

Hypostasis
broad sense (same as person): a complete rational substance, subsisting per se, existing apart from others.
strict sense: a complete substance, subsisting per se, existing apart from others. Not necessarily rational.
Greek: υπόστασις
Syriac: qnômê

Nature - What is it that is doing that thing?
"the essence of things which have in themselves as such a principle of activity" [Aristotle, Metaphysics 1015a, 13]. I.e., the essence considered as the principium quo of activity.
Greek: φύσις
Latin: natura
Syriac: kyâna

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