Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Miaphysitism vs. Monophysitism

The heretics misunderstand the great Sts. Cyril of Alexandria and Dionysius the Areopagite of Athens when they talk of the two natures and the two operations/energies, respectively. Their appeal to the authority of these two champions of the faith is useless because the heretics are not of one mind with these saints. Those who follow that exiled tyrant Dioscorus "the Great" of Alexandria{1} and the accursed Severus of Antioch{2} protest that they are not Eutychians and reject the label "Monophysite," calling themselves Miaphysite instead. The Wikipedia article for Severus of Antioch repeatedly calls him a Miaphysite. These apologists are blind to the fact that they are still Monophysites. I previously proved that Monophysitism is impossible: it is impossible that one compound nature results from the union of the divine nature and the human nature.{3} This is how the non-Chalcedonians or "Oriental Orthodox" differ in doctrine from those they claim as their Fathers:

One Incarnate Nature of God the Word
Orthodox (St. Cyril of Alexandria): "The one common nature viewed as a whole in the subsistence of the Word" became incarnate (the explanation of St. John of Damascus), and one compound hypostasis (this is the sense of the terminology of St. Cyril) results from the nature of the Word uniting flesh to itself in Person (explanation of St. Thomas Aquinas); see "Miaphysitism." The Banana Republican. 25 Feb. 2008. 30 Jan. 2009 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2008/02/miaphysitism.html>.

Heretical: One compound nature results from the union of the divine nature and the human nature.

Theandric Energy
Orthodox (St. Dionysius the Areopagite of Athens: Divine Names 2): The divine energy uses the human energy and the human energy shares in the power of the divine energy.
Quote from St. Dionysius [DN 2]: "Whatever pertains to His human operation the Father and the Holy Ghost no-wise share in, except, as one might say, by their most gracious and merciful will … He is truly the unchangeable God, and God's Word by the sublime and unspeakable operation of God, which, being made man for us, He wrought."
Quote from St. Dionysius [Epistle 4]: "What is of man He works beyond man; and this is shown by the Virgin conceiving supernaturally and by the unstable waters bearing up the weight of bodily feet. … He performed Divine works not as God does, and human works not as man does, but, God having been made man, by a new operation of God and man."

Heretical: One compound energy results from the union of the divine energy and the human energy.
Quote from Severus of Antioch (cited in St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica): "Yet one, i.e., Incarnate Word, wrought one and the other--neither was this from one nature, and that from another; nor can we justly affirm that because there are distinct things operated there are therefore two operating natures and forms."

Dear Lord, please bring the non-Chalcedonians back to the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church. Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner. Amen.

Notes & References
{1} "Was Dioscorus 'the Great' of Alexandria Orthodox?" The Banana Republican. 27 Sept. 2008. 10 Feb. 2009 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2008/09/was-dioscorus-great-of-alexandria.html>.
{2} "Was Severus of Antioch Orthodox?" The Banana Republican. 26 Nov. 2008. 10 Feb. 2009 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2008/11/was-severus-of-antioch-orthodox.html>.
{3} "Monophysitism Is False" The Banana Republican. 30 Jan. 2009. 10 Feb 2009 <http://thebananarepublican.blogspot.com/2009/01/monophysitism-is-false.html>.

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