Saturday, September 27, 2008

Was Dioscorus "the Great" of Alexandria Orthodox?

MYTH
Patriarch Dioscorus of Alexandria was wrongly condemned and was in fact Christologically orthodox

Divergence of Dioscorus from Orthodox Cyrillian Miaphysitism
1. Patriarch Dioscorus of Alexandria, wrongly styled "the Great," was actually a heretical Monophysite and not an orthodox Miaphysite. I showed how Cyrillian Miaphysitism is orthodox, endorsed by the Church, and compatible with Chalcedonian Dyophysitism. The Christology of Dioscorus, however, is not compatible with Dyophysitism and is therefore heterodox. Whereas St. Cyril accepted two natures after the union in his Agreement with Patriarch John (not Chrysostom) of Antioch, Dioscorus anathematized everyone who accepted the Agreement and therefore rejected the orthodox exposition of the very Doctor Incarnationis himself.

Ecumenical Condemnation of Dioscorus for Christological Heterodoxy
2. We are bound to accept the judgments of the Holy Ecumenical Councils, as they are infallible. Thus to say that Dioscorus was orthodox is to deny the infallibility of the resolutions of the Sixth Ecumenical Council, i.e. to say that the Gates of Hell prevailed against the Universal Church which is to most blasphemously make a liar of our Lord. Canon 95 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council indisputably condemns Dioscorus not merely for negligence in allowing heterodoxy to spread without calling him heterodox as is the case with the heretic Pope Honorius I, but condemns him for holding to and preaching Christological heterodoxy:
As for Manicheans, and Valentinians, and Marcionists, and those from similar heresies, they have to give us certificates [called libelli] and anathematize their heresy, the Nestorians, and Nestorius, and Eutyches and Dioscorus, and Severus, and the other exarchs of such heresies, and those who entertain their beliefs, and all the aforementioned heresies, and thus they are allowed to partake of Holy Communion.
Dioscorus A Villain
3. Far from being a saint, Dioscorus the not so Great was the root cause of the death of the most holy Patriarch St. Flavian the Confessor of Constantinople. He evilly restored Eutyches and wickedly anathematized Pope St. Leo I the Great of Rome, author of the orthodox Christological Tome which is the basis of the infallible Chalcedonian Christological definition.

4. The Life of Dioscorus of Alexandria says that he worked miracles: "God performed at the hands of St. Dioscorus many great signs and wonders, so that all obeyed him, respected and revered him greatly, for God honors His chosen ones in every place. St. Dioscorus told St. Macarius, his companion in exile, 'You shall receive the crown of martyrdom in Alexandria.' He sent him with one of the believing merchants to Alexandria, where he received the crown of martyrdom."{1} If the deposed Patriarch of Alexandria did work signs and wonders, then they were not from but lying signs and wonders from demons. Otherwise they are fabrications, hallucinations, misinterpretations, embellishments, historical fiction, or legendary accretions. God only works miracles through people of good faith in testimony to true doctrine.{2}

5. Dioscorus of Alexandria was not of right faith and he was not in good faith; he was a heterodox murderer and tyrant.{3} Dioscorus was certainly a Monophysite Incorrupticolæ because he said from his exile in Gangra in a fragment preserved in Nicephorus' Antirrhetica (Spicil. Solesm., IV, 380): "If the Blood of Christ is not by nature (katà phúsin) God's and not a man's, how does it differ from the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer? For this is earthly and corruptible, and the blood of man according to nature is earthly and corruptible. But God forbid that we should say the Blood of Christ is consubstantial with one of those things which are according to nature (‘enos tôn katà phúsin ‘omoousíon).."{4} This is false because the Blood of Christ is not incorruptible of its own nature. Dioscorus therefore did confuse the two natures, despite his protestations that he held Eutyches to be a wily heretic.{5} Besides, there was already a genuine miracle beheld by reliable witnesses which confirmed that the Chalcedonian definition was true, the miracle of the greatmartyr St. Euphemia the All-Praised.{6}

6. A thousand anathemas to the impenitent Dioscorus of Alexandria and those who follow him! Lord Jesus Christ Almighty, Son of God, please bring back the Monophysites into our fold, and have mercy on me, a sinner! Amen.
Notes & References
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{4} Chapman, John. "Eutychianism." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 24 Aug. 2009 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05633a.htm>.
{5}
{6} http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/3604098.htm.

[UNDER CONSTRUCTION]

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