Friday, September 19, 2008

Receiving the Body of Christ Without His Blood

(1) The Body and Blood are fully present in both species, as is clear from the diction of St. Paul the Apostle in 1 Corinthians 11:27:
"Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of profaning the body and blood of the Lord."
Reverence for the Blood
The legitimacy and validity of communicants receiving Christ's Body without His Blood is clear from the following points:
Body and Blood Fully Present in Both Species
(2) As Catholicism spread, there were more elders and children who might not be strong or cautious enough to prevent the Blood of Christ from being spilled.{1}

It is only necessary that the priest partakes of both the Body and Blood of Christ, because the perfection of the Eucharist consists in the consecration of the matter, rather than the use of the faithful.{2} This is the sense of the statements of Pope Gelasius in De Consecr. ii, wherefore the Local Council of Toledo XII says, "What kind of a sacrifice is that, wherein not even the sacrificer is known to have a share?"{3}

Notes and References
{1} Aquinas, St. Thomas (Doctor Angelicus), Summa Theologica 3:80:12.
{2} Ibid.
{3} Ibid.

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