Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Priestly Celibacy

The following (quotes and refs coming soon) show that priestly celibacy is Apostolic tradition and that Canon 13 of the Council of Trullo from 692 represents a novel and false teaching in the East:

Ex 19:15; 33:28:
1 Sam 21:3-6:
Jer 16:1-2:
Mt 19:10-12,27-29: His disciples say unto Him: If the case of a man with his wife be so, it is not expedient to marry. Who said to them: All men take not this word, but they to whom it is given. For there are eunuchs, who were born so from their mothers womb: and there are eunuchs, who were made so by men: and there are eunuchs, who have made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven. He that can take, let him take it. ... Then Peter answering, said to Him: Behold we have left all things, and have followed Thee: what therefore shall we have? And Jesus said to them: Amen I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit on the seat of His majesty, you also shall sit on twelve seats judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for My name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall possess life everlasting.

Lk 18:28-30: Then Peter said: Behold, we have left all things and have followed Thee. Who said to them: Amen, I say to you, there is no man that hath left home or parents or brethren or wife or children, for the Kingdom of God's sake, who shall not receive much more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting.

1 Cor 7:31-35:
1 Tim 5:4-13:

Fathers and Doctors
St. Clement of Alexandria in 202, Stromata 3:11:
Bishop St. Epiphanius of Salamis, Panarion Heresy 48:
St. Isidore of Pelusium:
Bishop St. Ambrose the Great of Milan (Doctor) in 393-395, Letter 63:61-62 to the Church of Vercellae:
St. Jerome the Great (Doctor) in 393, Against Jovinianus, 1:34; in 406 Against Vigiliantus, 2:

Pope St. Siricius in 385:
The Lord Jesus formally stipulated in the Gospel that he had not come to abolish the law, but to bring it to perfection; this is also why he wanted the beauty of the Church whose Bridegroom he is to shine with the splendor of chastity so that when he returns, on the Day of Judgment, he will find her without stain or wrinkle, as his Apostle taught. It is through the indissoluble law of these decisions that all of us, priests and deacons, are bound together from the day of our ordination, and [held to] put our hearts and our bodies to the service of sobriety and purity; may we be pleasing to our God in all things, in the sacrifice we offer daily.
Ecumenical Councils
Council of Nicaea (325), Can. 3: The great Synod has stringently forbidden any bishop, presbyter, deacon, or any one of the clergy whatever, to have a subintroducta dwelling with him, except only a mother, or sister, or aunt, or such persons only as are beyond all suspicion.

Local Councils
Council of Elvira (300), Can. 33: "It has seemed good absolutely to forbid the bishops, the priests and the deacons, i.e., all the clerics in the service of the ministry, to have sexual relations with their wives and procreate children; should anyone do so, let him be excluded from the honor of the clergy."
Council of Arles (314), Can. 29.
Council of Carthage (419), Can. 3,4,25,60.

Notes and References
{1} Dhouay-Rheims Version @ http://www.newadvent.org/bible/.

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