Sunday, July 13, 2008

Differences Between Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy

Baptism
Catholicism: Baptism by immersion or pouring and sprinkling.
Orthodoxy: Baptism by trine immersion only.

Confirmation
Catholicism:
Orthodoxy:

Contraception
Catholicism: Contraception (the use of artifical birth control methods as opposed to Natural Family Planning and periodic continence) is intrinsically evil.
Orthodoxy:

Divorce
Catholicism: A consummated sacramental marriage is absolutely indissoluble; nothing but death of the spouse can terminate the bond of a valid sacramental consummated marriage.
Orthodoxy: A consummated sacramental marriage is not indissoluble; the Church grieves over divorces but makes a concession to human weakness in the case of e.g. adultery.

Eucharist
Catholicism: Unleavened bread is used in the Latin rites; leavened bread is used in the Eastern rites. The cup may be withheld from the laity.
Orthodoxy: Only leavened bread is used. The cup may not be withheld from the laity.

Fasting
Catholicism: No restriction on fasting on Saturday and Sunday.
Orthodoxy: No fasting on Saturday (except Holy Saturday) and Sunday.

Immaculate Conception

Catholicism: Mary was conceived free of all stain of original sin.
Orthodoxy: Mary contracted original sin; out of all humanity only Christ did not incur original sin.

Monasticism
Catholicism: Many orders of monks and nuns (e.g. Jesuits, Franciscans, Benedictines).
Orthodoxy: No orders of monks and nuns.

Original Sin
Catholicism:
Orthodoxy:

Papacy
Catholicism: The Church of Christ was founded on Peter, the rock and prince of Apostles to whom alone were the keys of the Kingdom entrusted, and (1) The Roman Pontiff (2) speaks ex cathedra (3) to define (4) that a doctrine pertaining to faith and morals (5) must be held by the whole Church.
Orthodoxy: The Pope of Rome enjoys merely a primacy of honor and only when he is Orthodox, and no one person is infallible by himself, but the definitions of Ecumenical Councils are infallible.

Priestly Celibacy
Catholicism: Priests may not get married after ordination. Priestly celibacy is necessary for those in the Latin rite.
Orthodoxy: Priests may not get married after ordination. Priestly celibacy is not necessary.

Purgatory
Catholicism:
Orthodoxy:

Trinity
Catholicism: In the ontological Trinity, the person of the Father, through and with the person of the Son, eternally spirates the person of the Holy Spirit in one spiration as from one principle. Filioque was justly added to the Creed.
Orthodoxy: The Holy Spirit proceeds as regards His eternal existence from the Father alone. The Filioque is false and should never have been added to the Creed.

Notes and References
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[UNDER CONSTRUCTION!!!]

1 comment:

Mary C. said...

there is no "original sin" in the Eastern Orthodox church. That church believes that all are born without the stain of sin but inherit the capacity to sin as a sort of human weakness. This accounts for the fact that they have no doctrine of Immaculate Conception because there is no need in their faith for Mary to be conceived without sin for all are conceived without sin.