Wednesday, August 22, 2007

Craig Says God Is Intrinsically Mutable

God is not immutable in a strong sense

1. William Lane Craig and J.P. Moreland say, "Moreover, God's knowledge of tensed facts, implied by his omniscience, requires that since the moment of creation he undergoes intrinsic change as well, since he knows what is now happening in the universe. Thus God is not immutable in a strong sense."{1} Now I would say that Craig is a genius, but that he clings to several errors. Here he argues in favor of the error that God’s knowledge is variable.

2. I disagree with Craig and Moreland's proposition that God's knowledge is variable since it is contrary to verses from the Old Testament and New Testament to posit intrinsic change in God.{2}

3. Moreover, the diversity of enunciable propositions does not entail variation in God’s knowledge. God knows something to be and not to be without variation in His knowledge and so He knows that an enunciable proposition is true on some occasions on false on others. God does not know all things by composing and dividing as we do but rather by simple intelligence,{3} and thus his does not vary with respect to truth and falsity. Because God is eternal He is not ignorant and then afterwards aware of something. For God in His eternity knows whatever is or can be at any time. Craig and Moreland commit the fallacy of confusing knowledge of the variability of things with the variability of knowledge of things.

Notes and References
{1} J.P. Moreland and William Lane Craig, Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview p. 527. Buy this book because it is excellent food for thought!
{2} St. Moses says [Nu 23:19], "God is not as man, that He should change."
St. Malachi says [Mal 3:6], "I am the Lord, and I change not."
St. James in his Catholic Epistle says [Jam 1:17] that in God "there is no change nor shadow of alteration."
{3} St. Paul says [Heb 4:13], "All things are naked and open to His eyes." Wherefore Bishop St. Augustine the Great says [De Trin. xv], "God does not see all things in their particularity or separately, as if He saw alternately here and there; but He sees all things together at once." For God sees all things together instead of successively and He sees His effects in Himself as their cause, according to St. Thomas Aquinas [ST 1.14.7].

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