Monday, December 18, 2006
Holtz on Alleged Matthean Embellishment
Holtz.AAC.2002: "Matthew changes (21:5 vs. Mk 11:7)[#] or embellishes (2:15, 2:23) its narrative to make it fulfill Old Testament prophecies." [#]=unclear, requires elaboration. For Mt 2:15, corporate solidarity (between Israel and the Messiah) legitimizes Matthew's exegetical technique (typology); Matthew likens Jesus Christ to the Israelites (except Jesus was sinless). Mt 2:23: While no passage in the Old Testament says verbatim, "He shall be called a Nazarene," there is clear and ample precedent for that idea. The throne of King David was made into a stump, just as Nazareth was a spiritually dull town, but the Messiah (Branch) [Is 4:2; 11:1; Jer 23:5; 33:15; Zech 3:8; 6:12] grew out of the stump and was called a Nazarene [Mk 1:23-24; Lk 4:33-35; Jn 19:19; Acts 22:8; 24:5; Josephus' Antiquities] which He wore as the Messianic badge of "Branch."