Tuesday, October 24, 2006

Trinity Comparisons & Contrasts

The Father is fully God, the Son is fully God, and the Holy Spirit is fully God. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are uncreated (agenetos), co-eternal, co-equal in greatness etc., omnipotent, perfect, and are of the same substance (homoousios) and essence.

Only the Father is unbegotten (agennetos); the Son is eternally begotten (gennetos) of the Father and the Holy Spirit eternally proceeds from the Father through the Son. Only the Son has a human nature in addition to His divine nature.

Arianism denies the deity of the Son, saying He was created (genetos) and is of a different substance (heteroousios).
Nestorianism teaches that the Son is two persons, when in reality the Son is one person with two natures, human and divine.
Modalism (Sabellianism) falsely teaches that God is not three persons, but that He reveals Himself in three modes.
Patripassionism teaches that God the Father suffered and died on the Cross, when in fact the Son became incarnate and was resurrected after being crucified.
Docetism denies the Son's human nature.
Eutychianism denies both the full deity and full humanity of the Son, saying that the Son is partially human and partially divine.
Ebionism denies the deity of the Son.
Apollonarianism denies the full humanity of the Son.
Monothelitism denies that there are two wills in the Son, only affirming one. It is often falsely alleged that Pope Honorius I taught this heresy.
Socinianism denies the fact that the Son is of the same substance as the Father and the Holy Spirit.
Albigensianism states that only the Father is uncreated (agenetos), and the Son and the Holy Spirit are both created (genetos).
Semi-Arianism denies the Holy Spirit and says that the Son is of a similar substance (homoiousios) to the Father.
Marcionism denies the human nature of the Son.

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