Saturday, October 07, 2006

Jesus' Eternal Generation

Jesus Christ, God the Son, is "from" the Father in that He is eternally generated (begotten) by the Father [Jn 6:57-58; Heb 1:3; Rev 21:23-25], not created or made, and this is because the Father is communicating His esse (nature) to the Son. This generation is natural, not voluntary, and is thus necessary and eternal. Since this generation does not involve motion, it is impossible for the Son Who proceeds to be posterior in duration to the Father. The Son receives the Father’s esse from eternity, and therefore has it from eternity. The Father is the source, not the cause, in this sense. Only duration, not origin, is excluded by eternity and so an eternal person can have a principle. The Father is eternally Father and so He also eternally begets the Son.

Jn 6:57-58 57 As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on Me will live because of Me. 58 This is the bread which came down from heaven—not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever."

Heb 1:3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself[a] purged our[b] sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

Rev 21:23-25 23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it,[a] for the glory[b] of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24 And the nations of those who are saved[c] shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it.[d] 25 Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there).

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