Thursday, March 09, 2006

Proof of the Theistic God from First Principles

The existence of the theistic God can be demonstrated using the first principles of knowledge, as Norman L. Geisler points out in his must-buy Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Baker Academics: Grand Rapids, MI, 1999), ###:
1. Something exists (I do).
2. I am a contingent being.
3. Nothing cannot cause something.
4. Only a Necessary Being can cause a contingent being.
5. Therefore, I am caused to exist by a Necessary Being.
6. But I am a personal, rational, and free kind of being.
7. Therefore, this Necessary Being must be a personal, rational, and moral kind of being, since I am similar to Him by the principle of analogy.
8. But a Necessary Being cannot be contingent (not necessary) in its being, which would be a contradiction.
9. Therefore, this Necessary Being is personal, rational, and moral in a necessary way, not in a contingent way.
10. This Necessary Being is also eternal, uncaused, unchanging, unlimited, and one, since a Necessary Being cannot come to be, be caused by another, undergo change, be limited by any possibility of what it could be (a Necessary Being has no possibility to be other than it is), or to be more than one Being (since there cannot be two infinite beings).
11. Therefore, one necessary, eternal, uncaused, unlimited (infinite), rational, personal, and moral Being exists.
12. Such a Being is appropriately called "God" in the theistic sense, because He possesses all the essential characteristics of a theistic God.
13. Therefore, the theistic God exists.